Eurasian Soil Science

, Volume 48, Issue 12, pp 1279–1291 | Cite as

Regional specificity of the climatic evolution of soils in the southern part of eastern Europe in the second half of the Holocene

  • Yu. G. ChendevEmail author
  • A. R. Lupo
  • M. G. Lebedeva
  • D. A. Borbukova
Genesis and Geography of Soils


The analysis of characteristic features of chernozems and chestnut soils of different ages that have been formed in the south of the East European Plain in the past 5000 years attests to the spatial and temporal heterogeneity of the rate and direction of pedogenetic processes, i.e., to the metachronous development of the soil cover. A linear zone of the retarded (before 3600–3200 years ago) and, then, enhanced development of the humus profiles of chernozems was found along the Voeikov climatic axis corresponding to the contact zone between cyclonic and anticyclonic weather conditions. It was concluded about the significant rise in the degree of atmospheric moistening of the territory took place at the end of the Subboreal–the beginning of the Subatlantic periods of the Holocene. This factor favored the more active growth of the humus profiles of chernozems in this zone in comparison with chernozems on adjacent territories.


chernozem paleosols Chernozems Haplic Kastanozems (Chromic) 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    A. L. Aleksandrovskiy, “Evolution of chernozems in the region of middle stream of the Don River in Holocene,” Pochvovedenie, No. 11, 5–13 (1984).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. L. Aleksandrovskiy and E. I. Aleksandrovskaya, Evolution of Soils and the Geographical Environment (Nauka, Moscow, 2005) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    B. P. Akhtyrtsev and A. B. Akhtyrtsev, “Meadow-chernozem paleosols of the Bronze Age in the Oka–Don forest-steppe,” Pochvovedenie, No. 7, 26–38 (1990).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    B. P. Akhtyrtsev and A. B. Akhtyrtsev, “Paleochernozems of the Central Russia forest-steppe in the Late Holocene,” Pochvovedenie, No. 5, 14–24 (1994).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    N. V. Blagoveshchenskaya, “Holocene dynamics of forest ecosystems on the upper plateau of the Volga Upland,” Russ. J. Ecol. 37 (2), 73–78 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. V. Borisov, N. I. Shishlina, T. S. Demkina, V. A. Demkin, and M. V. El’tsov, “Paleosol studies of kurgans of the Catacomb culture (second half of the third millennium BC) in Kalmykia,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 38 (2), 123–131 (2005).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    D. I. Vasil’eva, Candidate’s Dissertation in Biology (Tomsk, 2004).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. I. Voeikov, Climates of the World, Including Russia (Cartographic Office of A. Il’in, St. Petersburg, 1884).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. N. Gennadiev, “Variability of chernozem properties over time and evolution of environment (Stavropol Upland),” Vestn. Mosk. Univ., Ser. 5: Geogr., No. 5, 10–16 (1984).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. N. Gennadiev, Soils and Time: Models of Development (Moscow State University, Moscow, 1990) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    V. A. Demkin, Paleosol Science and Archeology (Pushchino Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, 1997) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    V. A. Demkin, “Paleosol studies of archeological monuments in the Sok River valley (Samara region),” Eurasian Soil Sci. 33 (1), 32–42 (2000).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    V. A. Demkin and A. V. Lukashev, “Rate and direction of soil-forming processes in the dry steppes in Holocene,” Pochvovedenie, No. 6, 5–14 (1987).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    V. A. Demkin, T. S. Demkina, L. S. Pesochina, and I. V. Sergatskov, “Paleosol studies of archeological monuments in the Ilovlya River valley,” Pochvovedenie, No. 3, 19–27 (1994).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    V. A. Demkin, T. V. Alekseeva, T. S. Demkina, and A. O. Alekseev, “Paleopedological study of a mysterious monument of ancient history in the Don River scroll,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 34 (5), 469–478 (2001).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    V. A. Demkin, T. S. Demkina, M. A. Borisova, and N. I. Shishlina, “Paleosols and paleoenvironment of the Southern Ergeni Upland in the end of the fourth and in the third millennia BC,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 35 (6), 571–578 (2002).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    V. A. Demkin, T. S. Demkina, A. V. Borisov, A. S. Yakimov, and I. V. Sergatskov, “Transformation of soils and environmental conditions in the semidesert low Volga region within the past 4000 years,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 37 (3), 230–241 (2004).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    V. A. Demkin, N. N. Kashirskaya, T. S. Demkina, T. E. Khomutova, and M. V. El’tsov, “Paleosol studies of burial mounds in the Ilovlya River valley (the Privolzhskaya Upland),” Eurasian Soil Sci. 41 (2), 115–127 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    V. A. Demkin, T. S. Demkina, T. E. Khomutova, and M. V. El’tsov “Soil evolution and climate dynamics in dry steppes of the Privolzhskaya Upland during the last 3500 years,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 45 (12), 1095–1109 (2012). doi: 10.1134/S1064229312120022CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    T. S. Demkina, A. V. Borisov, and V. A. Demkin, “Paleosols and paleoenvironment in the northern Ergeni Upland in the Latest Neolithic and Bronze ages (4–2 ka BC),” Eurasian Soil Sci. 36 (6), 586–598 (2003).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    M. I. Dergacheva, “Archeological soil science: place in the system of biosphere studies, methodology, and structure,” in Proceedings of the All-Russia Conference on Archeological Soil Science (Pushchino, 2014), pp. 14–16.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    N. A. Dracheva, Candidate’s Dissertation in Geography (Moscow, 2002).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    B. N. Zolotareva and V. A. Demkin, “Humus in paleosols of archaeological monuments in the dry steppes of the Volga-Don interfluve,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 46 (3), 262–272 (2013). doi: 10.7868/S0032180X1306004XCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    V. P. Zolotun, Doctoral Dissertation in Agriculture (Kyiv, 1974).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    I. V. Ivanov, Evolution of Steppe Soils in the Holocene (Nauka, Moscow, 1992) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    I. V. Ivanov, “Development of the theories of soil evolution in Russian soil science,” in Proceedings of the IV AllRussia Conference “Problems of Soil Evolution” (Pushchino, 2003), pp. 5–10.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    I. V. Ivanov, “Study of soils of the archeological monuments: development, scientific theories, and some results,” in Proceedings of the All-Russia Conference on Archeological Soil Science (Pushchino, 2014), pp. 17–28.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    I. V. Ivanov and I. B. Vasil’ev, A Man, Nature, and Soils of the Ryn-Sands on the Volga–Ural Interfluve in the Holocene (Intellekt, Moscow, 1995) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    I. V. Ivanov and V. A. Demkin, “Soil science and archeology,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 32 (1), 91–98 (1999).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    I. V. Ivanov and E. D. Tabanakova, “Changes in the thickness of humus horizons and the Holocene evolution of East European chernozems (mechanisms, factors, and regularities),” Eurasian Soil Sci. 36 (9), 917–930 (2003).Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    V. A. Klimanov and T. A. Serebryannaya, “Changes of vegetation and climate in the Central Russian Upland in the Holocene,” Izv. Akad. Nauk, Ser. Geogr., No. 1, 26–37 (1986).Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    K. V. Kremenetskii, T. Bettiger, V. A. Klimanov, A. G. Tarasov, and F. Yunge, “History of climate and vegetation of the Central Volga region in the Late Ice Age and Holocene,” in All-Russia Meeting “General Results of the Study of Quaternary and Directions of Studies in 21st Century,” Abstracts of Papers (All-Russia Scientific Research Geological Institute, St. Petersburg, 1998), pp. 117–118.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    P. V. Madanov, L. M. Voikin, A. N. Tyurmenko, et al., Problems of Paleosol Science and Evolution of Soils of the Russian Plain in the Holocene (Kazan State University, Kazan, 1967) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    P. V. Madanov, L. M. Voikin, and M. I. Balyanin, “Buried soils under kurgans of the Bronze Age on the Russian Plain,” Pochvovedenie, No. 2, 35–42 (1968).Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Minor Soviet Encyclopedia (State Publishing of the Russian State Federative Socialistic Republic, Moscow, 1940), Vol. 10, pp. 129–130.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    N. Ya. Margolina, A. L. Aleksandrovskiy, B. A. Il’ichev, et al., Age and Evolution of Chernozems (Nauka, Moscow, 1988) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    L. S. Pesochina, Candidate’s Dissertation in Biology (Moscow, 2004).Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    L. S. Pesochina, “Paleosol studies of Rossiiskii-II kurgan in Rostov oblast,” in Proceedings of the All-Russia Scientific Conference on Archeological Soil Science (Pushchino, 2014), pp. 144–150.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    A. M. Prokashev, Soils with Complex Organic Profile from the South of Kirov Oblast: Ecology, Properties, and Genesis (Vyatka State Pedagogical University, Kirov, 1999) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    E. A. Spiridonova, Evolution of Vegetation in the Don River Basin in the Upper Pleistocene and Holocene (Nauka, Moscow, 1991) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    E. A. Spiridonova and A. S. Aleshinskaya, “Periods of Neolith-Eneolith of European Russia using the results of palynological analysis,” Ross. Arkheol., No. 1, 23–33 (1999).Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    O. S. Khokhlova, V. Yu. Malashev, K. V. Voronin, A. A. Gol’eva, and A. A. Khokhlov, “Lithogenesis and soil evolution in the Chechen Depression, Northern Caucasus,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 43 (10), 1050–1061 (1998).Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    O. S. Khokhlova and A. A. Khokhlov, “Paleosol studies of Mustaevo V kurgan in Novosergievskii district, Orenburg oblast,” in Archeological Monuments of Orenburg Oblast (Orenburg State Pedagogical University, Orenburg, 2005), No. 7, pp. 50–69.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Yu. G. Chendev, Natural Evolution of Soils in the Central Forest-Steppe in the Holocene (Belgorod State University, Belgorod, 2004) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Yu. G. Chendev, Evolution of Forest-Steppe Soils of the Central Russian Upland in the Holocene (GEOS, Moscow, 2008) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Yu. G. Chendev and I. V. Ivanov, “Dynamics of the soil cover in the southeast of Europe and in the southern Trans-Ural region during the Subboreal period,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 40 (11), 1158–1168 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Yu. G. Chendev, I. V. Ivanov, O. V. Kovalenko, R. S. Lugovoi, and M. A. Kuropata, “Comparison of the Late Holocene evolution of forest-steppe and steppe chernozems in the center of Eastern Europe,” Probl. Reg. Ekol., No. 2, 26–30 (2011).Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Yu. G. Chendev, E. G. Ershova, A. L. Aleksandrovskiy, O. S. Khokhlova, A. V. Rusakov, E. V. Ponomarenko, and A. S. Shapovalov, “Paleobotanical and paleosol indicators of evolution of forest-steppe landscape in the second half of the Holocene: Belgorod oblast,” in Proceedings of the V International Scientific Conference “Problems of Nature Use and Environmental Situation in European Russia and Adjacent Countries” (Konstanta, Moscow, 2013), pp. 201–210.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Yu. G. Chendev and V. A. Sarapulkin, “Paleogeographic reconstruction using the study results of the Saltovo-Mayakskaya culture in the Tikhaya Sosna River valley (Belgorod oblast),” in Saltovo-Mayakskaya Archeological Culture: Problems and Studies (Kharkov Scientific Methodological Center of Protection of Cultural Heritage, Kharkov, 2012), pp. 96–100.Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    N. I. Shslina and F. T. Khibert, “Eurasian nomads and farmers of the Bronze Age: problem of interaction,” in Between Asia and Europe. Caucasus in 4–2 Ka B.C. (St. Petersburg, 1996), pp. 90–92.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    M. Berkelhammer, A. Sinha, L. Stott, H. Cheng, F. S. R. Pausata, and K. Yoshimura, “An abrupt shift in the Indian Monsoon 4000 years ago,” Clim., Landscapes, Civiliz. Geophys. Monogr. Ser. 198, 75–88 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    H. Weiss, “Desert storm,” Sciences 36 (3), 30–36 (1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu. G. Chendev
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. R. Lupo
    • 1
  • M. G. Lebedeva
    • 1
  • D. A. Borbukova
    • 1
  1. 1.Belgorod National Research UniversityBelgorodRussia

Personalised recommendations