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Eurasian Soil Science

, Volume 47, Issue 8, pp 741–751 | Cite as

Cryometamorphic gleyzems in the taiga of Western Siberia: Chemical and mineralogical properties, ecology, and genesis

  • N. A. KaravaevaEmail author
  • T. A. Sokolova
Genesis and Geography of Soils

Abstract

Earlier studies showed considerable differences in the properties of automorphic loamy soils developing under middle-taiga vegetation in Western Siberia and on the Russian Plain. It was found that the soils without clear features of textural differentiation are common in Western Siberia. In particular, they are represented by cryometamorphic gleyzems. In this study, we analyze the properties of a cryometamorphic gleyzem in the Vakh area (the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug). The distribution pattern of clay minerals in the soil profile is analyzed in relation to the specific features of the soil hydrothermic regime. In the upper mineral horizons, the clay fraction is enriched in minerals of the group of soil chlorites and somewhat depleted of labile phyllosilicates. In the cryometamorphic horizon and in the underlying permafrost, the degree of crystallization of the clay minerals somewhat decreases. An even distribution pattern of aluminum oxide in the soil profile is explained by the increased content of Al in the clay fraction from the upper horizons combined with the loss of Al from the coarse fractions (as judged from data on the bulk elemental composition of clay-free samples). These features can be explained by the specificity of the hydrothermic regime of the cryometamorphic gleyzems with late thawing of the soil profile and frequent phase transitions of soil water in the upper humus and middle-profile cryometamorphic horizons.

Keywords

cryometamorphic gleyzem transformation of clay minerals phase transitions of soil water 

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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of GeographyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Faculty of Soil ScienceMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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