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Eurasian Soil Science

, Volume 47, Issue 2, pp 57–69 | Cite as

Hydrocarbon contamination of arctic tundra soils of the Bol’shoi Lyakhovskii Island (the Novosibirskie Islands)

  • V. L. Kachinskii
  • Yu. A. Zavgorodnyaya
  • A. N. Gennadiev
Soil Chemistry

Abstract

Data on the distribution of the components of oil products that have accumulated in the arctic tundra soils of the Bol’shoi Lyakhovskii Island (the Novosibirskie Islands) under the impact of technogenic loads are analyzed. The examined soils differ in the vertical and lateral distribution patterns of the methanenaphthenic and naphthenic hydrocarbons and in the degree of their transformation. This is determined by the position of particular soils in the catenas and by the sorption of particular hydrocarbon compounds in the soils. The portion of light molecular-weight hydrocarbons in the upper horizons decreases by two-ten times in comparison with the deeper soil layers. In the lateral direction, the twofold difference in the contents of the methane-naphthenic and naphthenic hydrocarbons in the upper horizons is seen. The degree of transformation of the hydrocarbons under the impact of microbiological processes depends on the aeration conditions, the depth of permafrost table, the composition of oil products, and the soil organic matter content.

Keywords

oil products technogenic pollution vertical and lateral distribution 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. L. Kachinskii
    • 1
  • Yu. A. Zavgorodnyaya
    • 2
  • A. N. Gennadiev
    • 1
  1. 1.Geographical FacultyMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Faculty of Soil ScienceMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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