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Eurasian Soil Science

, Volume 44, Issue 12, pp 1343–1351 | Cite as

Spatial distribution of heavy metals in soils of the Bafra plain in Turkey

  • R. Kizilkaya
  • O. Dengiz
  • M. A. Ozyazici
  • T. Askin
  • F. Mikayilov
  • E. V. Shein
Soil Chemistry

Abstract

For analyzing the spatial distribution of the Cd, Co, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn, and heavy metal (HM) sources on the Bafra deltaic plain (the central Black Sea district of Turkey), 108 soil samples were collected from the 0- to 20-cm layer in an area of about 100 thousand ha. The soil enrichment factor (the ratio between the metal concentration in the soil samples and its content in the earth’s crust (EF)) was calculated to reveal the origin of the heavy metal (HM) pollution (natural or anthropogenic). Kriging interpolation and maps of the soil’s enrichment factors were used for the characterization of the spatial HM distribution. The maximal EF was found for Cd (12.826), while smaller EF values characterized the Pb, Ni, Co, and Cu. In some districts of the studied region, the Cd, Cu, and Zn concentrations were somewhat greater, probably, due to the application of high rates of phosphorus fertilizers and intense soil cultivation. A content exceeding the critical value was recorded for Ni. Probably, this fact was related to the elevated content of this metal in the parent rocks. None of the investigated soils can be referred to the category of polluted ones.

Keywords

Heavy Metal Kriging Enrichment Factor EURASIAN Soil Science Heavy Metal Accumulation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Kizilkaya
    • 1
  • O. Dengiz
    • 1
  • M. A. Ozyazici
    • 2
  • T. Askin
    • 3
  • F. Mikayilov
    • 4
  • E. V. Shein
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Soil Science and Plant NutritionOndokuz Mayis UniversitySamsunTurkey
  2. 2.Research Institute of Soils and Water ResourcesSamsunTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Soil Science and Plant NutritionOrdu UniversityOrduTurkey
  4. 4.Department of Soil Science and Plant NutritionUniversity of SelcukKonyaTurkey
  5. 5.Faculty of Soil ScienceLomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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