Eurasian Soil Science

, Volume 41, Issue 2, pp 115–127

Paleosol studies of burial mounds in the Ilovlya River valley (the Privolzhskaya Upland)

  • V. A. Demkin
  • N. N. Kashirskaya
  • T. S. Demkina
  • T. E. Khomutova
  • M. V. El’tsov
Genesis and Geography of Soils

Abstract

Paleosols buried under kurgans of the Bronze (end of the fourth and the third millennia BC), Early Iron (1st–3rd centuries AD), and Medieval (13th century AD) epochs have been studied on the Ilovlya River (a tributary of the Don River) terrace. The evolution of chestnut soils in the south of the Privolzhskaya Upland during the last 5000 years has been traced. It is shown that the mean weighted contents and distribution of soluble salts, gypsum, and carbonates in the soil profiles have been subjected to cyclic changes. The total microbial biomass and its trophic structure in the A1, B1, and B2k horizons of paleosols of different ages have been determined. A comparative analysis of the morphological, chemical, and microbiological data on the paleosols of different ages has been used to reconstruct the climatic dynamics for the last 50 centuries. The aridity of the climate in the studied region increased at the end of the third-the beginning of the second millennia BC and in the second and third centuries AD. The humidization of the climate took place in the 1st and in the 12th–13th centuries AD.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. A. Demkin
    • 1
  • N. N. Kashirskaya
    • 1
  • T. S. Demkina
    • 1
  • T. E. Khomutova
    • 1
  • M. V. El’tsov
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Physicochemical and Biological Problems of Soil ScienceRussian Academy of SciencesPushchino, Moscow oblastRussia

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