Advertisement

Technology of Monitoring and Analysis of the Hydrometeorological Situation in the Arctic

  • V. G. Gitis
  • A. B. Derendyaev
  • K. N. Petrov
  • A. P. Weinstock
  • I. O. Dumanskaya
  • S. N. Zatsepa
  • A. A. Zelenko
  • A. A. Ivchenko
  • E. S. Nesterov
Geoinformation Technologies
  • 14 Downloads

Abstract

A new geoinformation technology for monitoring the hydrometeorological situation in the Arctic is considered. This technology combines two levels of the geodata analysis. The first level supports automatic loading and processing of data, providing the operator with simple tools of the analysis with an intuitive interface and visual representation of results available to a wide range of users. The second level is designed for the comprehensive analysis of hypotheses that experts can formulate at the first level. The monitoring platform has two software applications: (1) climatic processes in the Arctic and (2) operative and forecast conditions in the regions of the White and Barents seas with the possibility of analyzing the environmental threats during extraction and transportation of hydrocarbons.

Keywords

monitoring technology analysis of natural and anthropogenic processes Arctic GIS hydrocarbon spill 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    V. M. Kattsov and B. N. Porfir’ev, “Climatic changes in the Arctic: consequences for the environment and economics,” Arktika: Ekologiya i Ekonomika 2, 66–79 (2012).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. E. Overland, M. Wang, J. E. Walsh, and J. C. Stroeve, “Future Arctic climate changes: Adaptation and mitigation time scales,” Earth’s Future 2 (2), 68–74 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    I. P. Semiletov, O. V. Dudarev, N. N. Dmitrevskii, N. E. Shakhova, N. N. Romanovskii, D. A. Kosmach, D. N. Nikol’skii, S. L. Nikiforov, A. S. Salomatin, R. A. Anan’ev, A. G. Roslyakov, A. N. Salyuk, V. V. Karnaukh, D. B. Chernykh, V. E. Tumskoi, V. I. Yusupov, A. V. Kurilenko, E. M. Chuvilin, and B. A. Bukhanov, “Degradation of the underwater frozen subsoil and destruction of hydrates of the shelf of seas of the East Arctic as possible cause of “methane catastrophe”: some results of complex studies for 2011,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk 446, 330–335 (2012).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    L. I. Zelenina and S. I. Fed’kushova, “Prediction and consequences of climate fluctuation of the Arctic region,” Arktika i Sever, No. 5 (2012).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    N. N. Mikhailov, “The appearance of ECIMO—decisions, behavior, and downstreams of application and development,” in Proc. Conf. “The Use of means and resources of the United State System of Information on Situation in the World Ocean for Information Support of Marine Activity in the Russian Federation” (ESIMO’2012), Sept. 24–28, 2012 (FGBU “VNIIGMI-MTsD”, Obninsk, 2012), pp. 209–217.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    V. G. Gitis, A. P. Vainshtok, and A. B. Derendyaev, in Methods and Means for Geoinformation Analysis of the Data of Arctic Monitoring in Scientific and Engineering Problems of Development of the Arctic Region (Scientific Session of the General Meeting of the RAS Members, 16.12.2014) (Nauka, Moscow, 2015), pp. 238–260.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    V. G. Gitis, “Geoinformation technology for research activities,” Vestnik RFFI, No. 2, 13–32 (2011).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    V. Gitis, A. Derendyaev, and A. Weinstock, “Webbased GIS technologies for monitoring and analysis of spatio-temporal processes,” Int. J. Web Inf. Syst. 12, 102–124 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. Dangermond, “Geodesign and GIS-Designing Our Futures,” in Peer Reviewed Proceedings of Digital Landscape Architecture (Anhalt Univ. of Applied Science, Germany, 2010).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ch. Harder, The ArcGIS Book: 10 Big Ideas about Applying Geography to Your World (Esri Press, 2015).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    D. P. Dee, S. M. Uppala, A. J. Simmons, P. Berrisford, P. Poli, S. Kobayashi, U. Andrae, M. A. Balmaseda, G. Balsamo, P. Bauer, P. Bechtold, A. C. M. Beljaars, L. van de Berg, J. Bidlot, N. Bormann, C. Delsol, R. Dragani, M. Fuentes, A. J. Geer, L. Haimberger, S. B. Healy, H. Hersbach, E.V. Holm, L. Isaksen, P. Kallberg, M. Kohler, M. Matricardi, A. P. McNally, B. M. Monge-Sanz, J.-J. Morcrette, B.-K. Park, C. Peubey, P. de Rosnay, C. Tavolato, J.-N. Thepaut, and F. Vitart, “ERA-Interim reanalisys: Configuration and performance of the data assimilation system,” Quarterly J. R. Meteorolog. Soc. 137 (656), 553–597 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Z. K. Abuzyarov, I. O. Dumanskaya, and E. S. Nesterov, Real-Time Oceanographic Service (IG–SOTsIN, Moscow, 2009).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    I. O. Dumanskaya, Ice Conditions of Seas of the European Part of Russia (IG-SOTsIN, Moscow, 2014).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    S. N. Zatzepa, N. A. Dianskii, V. I. Zhuravel’, A. A. Ivchenko, K. A. Korotenko, V. V. Solbakov, V. V. Stanovoi, and V. V. Fomin, “Modelling of oil spills in sea for planning on guaranteeing of ecological safety by realization of oil and gas plans. Part 1: Methodology,” Problemy Arktiki i Antarktiki 4 (106), 27–39 (2015).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    S. N. Zatzepa, N. A. Dianskii, V. I. Zhuravel’, A. A. Ivchenko, K. A. Korotenko, V. V. Solbakov, V. V. Stanovoi, and V. V. Fomin, “Modeling of oil spills in sea for planning of measures for ensuring the ecological safety during realization of oil and gas plans. Part 2: Features of implementation of applied tasks,” Problemy Arktiki i Antarktiki 1 (107), 5–18 (2015).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. G. Gitis
    • 1
  • A. B. Derendyaev
    • 1
  • K. N. Petrov
    • 1
  • A. P. Weinstock
    • 1
  • I. O. Dumanskaya
    • 3
  • S. N. Zatsepa
    • 2
  • A. A. Zelenko
    • 3
  • A. A. Ivchenko
    • 2
  • E. S. Nesterov
    • 3
  1. 1.Kharkevich Institute for Information Translation ProblemsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Zubov State Oceanographic Institute (Roshydromet)MoscowRussia
  3. 3.Hydrometeorological Centre of Russia (Roshydromet)MoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations