Epitaxial InGaAs/InAlAs/AlAs Structures for Heterobarrier Varactors with Low Leakage Current
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The quality of heteroboundaries and optimal conditions for epitaxial growth are critical parameters for obtaining low leakage currents of heterobarrier varactors in the InGaAs/InAlAs/AlAs material system. Grown by molecular-beam epitaxy, three-barrier heterobarrier varactor structures adjacent to InAlAs/AlAs/InAlAs barrier layers by additional mismatched InGaAs layers subjected to compressive stress show, under optimal epitaxy conditions, extremely low levels of leakage current density (not more than 0.06 A/cm2 at a voltage of 5 V and 85°C) with relatively thin AlAs inserts (with a thickness of 2 nm).
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