On the thermal conductivity of nanofluids
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The dependence of the effective thermal conductivity λ of nanofluids on the properties of dispersed nanoparticles has been studied by the molecular dynamics method. It is established that the thermal conductivity of a nanofluid always exceeds that of the carrier medium, the excess depending on the volume fraction of nanoparticles, their masses, and sizes. An increase in the nanoparticle mass at a constant size leads to a more pronounced increase in λ than does the growth in size at a constant mass, which implies that the density of dispersed nanoparticles is an important factor that determines the thermal conductivity of nanofluids.
KeywordsThermal Conductivity Molecular Dynamic Simulation Technical Physic Letter Effective Thermal Conductivity Molecular Dynamic Method
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