Advertisement

Technical Physics

, 53:646 | Cite as

Optimization of the Q factor of the magnetic M x resonance under optical pump conditions

  • A. K. VershovskiiEmail author
  • A. S. Pazgalev
Experimental Instruments and Technique

Abstract

Optimization of parameters of the M x resonance, which excited between Zeeman sublevels of a single HFS level of the ground state of an alkali metal in a vacuum cell in a circuit with a single beam for pumping and detection (M x magnetometer circuit), has been carried out. A simple model taking into account all main factors controlling the resolving power of the M x resonance (including spin-exchange broadening and absorption in a thick layer of the cell has been constructed. It is shown that the spin-resonance broadening of the resonance line is mainly determined by the requirements imposed on the optical thickness of the cell, which considerably restricts the realization of advantages of ultranarrow (<1 Hz) lines in magnetometry. The experiment confirming the efficiency of the model has been carried out.

PACS numbers

07.55.Ge 

References

  1. 1.
    A. J. Kastler, J. Phys. Radium 11, 255 (1950).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. Kastler, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 460 (1957).ADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    F. Bitter, Phys. Rev. 76, 833 (1949).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    K. Ruddock, W. Bell, A. Bloom, et al., US Patent No. 3252081 (1966).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    E. B. Alexandrov, V. A. Bonch-Bruevich, S. V. Provotorov, N. N. Yakobson, Opt. Spektrosk. 58, 953 (1985) [Opt. Spectrosc. 58, 439 (1985)].Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, and V. A. Bonch-Bruevich, Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 13, 749 (1987) [Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 13, 629 (1987)].Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, A. S. Pazgalev, et al., Laser Phys. 6, 244 (1996).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. B. Gornyi and B. G. Matisov, Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 53(10), 44 (1983) [Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 28 (10), 25 (1983)].Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    F. Bloch, Phys. Rev. 70, 460 (1946).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. V. Balabas and V. A. Bonch-Bruevich, Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 19(7), 6 (1993) [Tech. Phys. Lett. 19, 191 (1993)].Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. V. Balabas and S. G. Przhibel’sky, Chem. Phys. Rep. 4, 882 (1995).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    M. V. Balabas, M. I. Karuzin, and A. S. Pazgalev, Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 70, 198 (1999) [JETP Lett. 70, 196 (1999)].Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. A. Bouchiat and J. Brossel, Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. 254, 3828 (1962).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    M. A. Bouchiat and J. Brossel, Phys. Rev. 147, 41 (1966).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    V. Liberman and R. J. Knize, Phys. Rev. A 34, 5115 (1986).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, A. K. Vershovskii, et al., Opt. Spektrosk. 87, 359 (1999) [Opt. Spectrosc. 87, 329 (1999)].ADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    C. Cohen-Tannoudji, J. DuPont-Roc, S. Haroche, and F. Laloe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 22, 758 (1969).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    H. G. Dehmelt, Phys. Rev. 105, 1487 (1957).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    H. G. Dehmelt, Phys. Rev. 105, 1924 (1957).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    A. L. Bloom, Appl. Opt. 1, 61 (1962).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    E. B. Alexandrov, Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 60(3), 162 (1990) [Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 35, 371 (1990)].Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    W. Happer, Rev. Mod. Phys. 44, 169 (1972).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    E. B. Alexandrov and D. A. Varshalovich, Opt. Spektrosk. 82, 181 (1997) [Opt. Spectrosc. 82, 161 (1997)].ADSGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    D. Budker and M. Romalis, Nature Phys. 3, 227 (2007).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    H. Cramér, Mathematical Methods of Statistics (Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, 1946), pp. 474–477.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    J. W. Czarske, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 597 (2001).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    S. Groeger, G. Bison, P. E. Knowles, and A. Weis, Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. 33, 221 (2006).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    A. N. Nesmeyanov, Vapor Pressure of the Chemical Elements (Izd. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Moscow, 1961; Elsevier, New York, 1963).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ioffe Physicotechnical InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations