Physics of the Solid State

, Volume 58, Issue 12, pp 2481–2487 | Cite as

Microstructure, elastic, and inelastic properties of biomorphic carbons carbonized using a Fe-containing catalyst

  • T. S. Orlova
  • B. K. Kardashev
  • B. I. Smirnov
  • A. Gutierrez-Pardo
  • J. Ramirez-Rico
Mechanical Properties, Physics of Strength, and Plasticity

Abstract

The microstructure and amplitude dependences of the Young’s modulus E and internal friction (logarithmic decrement δ), and microplastic properties of biocarbon matrices BE-C(Fe) obtained by beech tree carbonization at temperatures T carb = 850–1600°C in the presence of an iron-containing catalyst are studied. By X-ray diffraction analysis and transmission electron microscopy, it is shown that the use of Fe-catalyst during carbonization with T carb ≥ 1000°C leads to the appearance of a bulk graphite phase in the form of nanoscale bulk graphite inclusions in a quasi-amorphous matrix, whose volume fraction and size increase with T carb. The correlation of the obtained dependences E(Т carb) and δ(T carb) with microstructure evolution with increasing Т carb is revealed. It is found that E is mainly defined by a crystalline phase fraction in the amorphous matrix, i.e., a nanocrystalline phase at Т carb < 1150°C and a bulk graphite phase at T carb > 1300°C. Maximum values E = 10–12 GPa are achieved for samples with Т carb ≈ 1150 and 1600°C. It is shown that the microplasticity manifest itself only in biocarbons with T carb ≥ 1300°C (upon reaching a significant volume of the graphite phase); in this case, the conditional microyield stress decreases with increasing total volume of introduced mesoporosity (free surface area).

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. S. Orlova
    • 1
    • 2
  • B. K. Kardashev
    • 1
  • B. I. Smirnov
    • 1
  • A. Gutierrez-Pardo
    • 3
  • J. Ramirez-Rico
    • 3
  1. 1.Ioffe InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and OpticsSt. PetersburgRussia
  3. 3.Departamento de Fisica de la Materia Condensada-ICMSUniversidad de SevillaSevillaSpain

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