Microstructure, elastic and inelastic properties of partially graphitized biomorphic carbons
- 76 Downloads
The microstructural characteristics and amplitude dependences of the Young’s modulus E and internal friction (logarithmic decrement δ) of biocarbon matrices prepared by beech wood carbonization at temperatures T carb = 850–1600°C in the presence of a nickel-containing catalyst have been studied. Using X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy, it has been shown that the use of a nickel catalyst during carbonization results in a partial graphitization of biocarbons at T carb ≥ 1000°C: the graphite phase is formed as 50- to 100-nm globules at T carb = 1000°C and as 0.5- to 3.0-μm globules at T carb = 1600°C. It has been found that the measured dependences E(T carb) and δ(T carb) contain three characteristic ranges of variations in the Young’s modulus and logarithmic decrement with a change in the carbonization temperature: E increases and δ decreases in the ranges T carb < 1000°C and T carb > 1300°C; in the range 1000 < T carb < 1300°C, E sharply decreases and δ increases. The observed behavior of E(T carb) and δ(T carb) for biocarbons carbonized in the presence of nickel correlates with the evolution of their microstructure. The largest values of E are obtained for samples with T carb = 1000 and 1600°C. However, the samples with T carb = 1600°C exhibit a higher susceptibility to microplasticity due to the presence of a globular graphite phase that is significantly larger in size and total volume.
KeywordsCarb Carbonization Temperature Beech Wood Amplitude Dependence Logarithmic Decrement
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 16.S. P. Nikanorov and B. K. Kardashev, Elasticity and Dislocation Inelasticity of Crystals (Nauka, Moscow, 1985) [in Russian].Google Scholar