Formation and magnetic properties of the silicon-cobalt interface
Formation of the Si/Co interface and its magnetic properties have been studied by high-resolution photoelectron spectroscopy with synchrotron radiation. The experiments have been performed in situ in superhigh vacuum (5 × 10−10 Torr) with coating thicknesses up to 2 nm. It has been found that, in the initial stage of silicon deposition on the surface of polycrystalline cobalt maintained at room temperature, ultrathin layers of the Co3Si, Co2Si, CoSi, and CoSi2 silicides are formed. The three last phases are nonmagnetic, and their formation gives rise to fast decay of magnetic linear dichroism in photoemission of Co 3p electrons. At deposition doses in excess of ∼0.4 nm Si, a film of amorphous silicon grows on the sample surface. It has been established that the Si/Co interphase boundary is stable at temperatures up to ∼250°C and that further heating of the sample brings about escape of amorphous silicon from the sample surface and initiates processes involving silicide formation.
KeywordsCobalt Amorphous Silicon Interphase Boundary Cobalt Film Silicon Deposition
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- 23.B. Hansen and K. Anderko, Constitution of Binary Alloys (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1958; Metallurgiya, Moscow, 1965), Vol. 1.Google Scholar