Structure, electrical resistivity, and thermal conductivity of beech wood biocarbon produced at carbonization temperatures below 1000°C
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This paper reports on measurements of the thermal conductivity κ and the electrical resistivity ρ in the temperature range 5–300 K, and, at 300 K, on X-ray diffraction studies of high-porosity (with a channel pore volume fraction of ∼47 vol %) of the beech wood biocarbon prepared by pyrolysis (carbonization) of tree wood in an argon flow at the carbonization temperature T carb = 800°C. It has been shown that the biocarbon template of the samples studied represents essentially a nanocomposite made up of amorphous carbon and nanocrystallites—“graphite fragments” and graphene layers. The sizes of the nanocrystallites forming these nanocomposites have been determined. The dependences ρ(T) and κ(T) have been measured for the samples cut along and perpendicular to the tree growth direction, thus permitting determination of the magnitude of the anisotropy of these parameters. The dependences ρ(T) and κ(T), which have been obtained for beech biocarbon samples prepared at T carb = 800°C, are compared with the data amassed by us earlier for samples fabricated at T carb = 1000 and 2400°C. The magnitude and temperature dependence of the phonon thermal conductivity of the nanocomposite making up the beech biocarbon template at T carb = 800°C have been found.
KeywordsThermal Conductivity Electrical Resistivity Carb Amorphous Carbon Tree Wood
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