Physics of the Solid State

, Volume 51, Issue 5, pp 991–997 | Cite as

XAFS studies of the local environment of Pb impurity atoms in barium, strontium, and calcium titanates

  • A. I. Lebedev
  • I. A. Sluchinskaya
  • A. Erko
  • A. A. Veligzhanin
  • A. A. Chernyshov
Magnetism and Ferroelectricity

Abstract

The local environment of Pb impurity atoms in BaTiO3, SrTiO3, and CaTiO3 crystals was studied by XAFS technique. It is shown that, in both polar and nonpolar phases of BaTiO3 and in SrTiO3, the Pb atoms are displaced from the A lattice sites by ∼0.15 Å; in CaTiO3 this displacement is absent. Large values of Debye-Waller factors (0.05–0.10 Å2) for the atoms in the first shell of Pb observed in all the three crystals indicate the distortion of the oxygen environment of Pb atoms. The appearance of these features was explained by the fact that the Pb-O chemical bond has a noticeable covalent component and a Pb atom can form strong bonds only with four of the 12 surrounding oxygen atoms. The obtained data were used to determine the main factors responsible for the occurrence of ferroelectric phase transition in SrTiO3 and CaTiO3 and for the increase of the Curie temperature of BaTiO3 when it is doped with Pb.

PACS numbers

61.10.Ht 61.72.Dd 77.84.Dy 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. I. Lebedev
    • 1
  • I. A. Sluchinskaya
    • 1
  • A. Erko
    • 2
  • A. A. Veligzhanin
    • 3
  • A. A. Chernyshov
    • 3
  1. 1.Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.BESSY GmbHBerlinGermany
  3. 3.Russian Research Centre Kurchatov InstituteMoscowRussia

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