CNT-Based Label-Free Electrochemical Sensing of Native DNA with Allele Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
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A label-free high-performance electrochemical sensing of single nucleotide polymorphism in native genomic DNA samples from cancer tissues, in oncogene-specific complementary DNA and in amplicons has been carried out on bundles of few-walled carboxylated carbon nanotubes, surface of which was coated with electron-dense layer of probe DNA. High selectivity and sensitivity of the novel DNA-nanosensor are ensured by the following features. Firstly, a complementary-hybridization signal is enhanced by resonance between plasmons in carbon nanotubes and dipole oscillations of hydrated nucleic acids located in near-electrode Helmholtz double layer of the impedance sensor. Secondly, a decoration of carbon nanotubes by adhered metal atoms in a high-spin state leads to Fermi level stabilization for the carbon nanotube bundles.
The work is supported by the grant 3.2.16 in the framework of GPSI Energetic systems, processes and technologies, the Ministry of Education and National Academy of Science, Republic of Belarus.
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