Structural transformation of macroporous silicon anodes as a result of cyclic lithiation processes
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Anodes based on a regular lattice of macroporous silicon with different periods, sizes, and shapes of pore cross sections are studied. The discharge capacity and its degradation during cycling (embedding and extraction of lithium) are examined. Scanning electron microscopy is used to analyze changes in the electrode structure upon the lithiation/delithiation of Si and to evaluate the elemental composition of the porous material. An ex situ morphological analysis of the electrodes demonstrates that, on the whole, the porous structure is preserved upon cycling and the thickness of silicon walls increases. The degree of Si-wall destruction depends on their initial thickness. Estimates show that the electrolyte reduction process mainly occurs according to the two-electron mechanism, with inorganic salts of lithium formed as a result.
KeywordsDischarge Capacity Porous Silicon Passive Film Propylene Carbonate Dimethoxyethane
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- 8.T. L. Kulova, E. V. Astrova, G. V. Fedulova, and A. M. Skundin, Elektrokhim. Energet. 12(1), 3 (2012).Google Scholar