Effect of the electric field on the intensity and spectrum of emission from InGaN/GaN quantum wells
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Comparative study of the photoluminescence (PL) from quantum wells (QWs) in forward-biased p-GaN/InGaN/n-GaN structures and electroluminescence from these structures has been carried out. It is shown that, upon application of a forward bias, a characteristic red shift of the spectral peak is observed, together with a broadening of the PL line and simultaneous burning-up of the PL. This results from a decrease in the field strength in the space charge region of the p-n junction and suppression of the tunneling leakage of the carrier from band-tail states in the active InGaN layer. An analysis of the results obtained demonstrated that the tunneling strongly affects the quantum efficiency and enabled evaluation of the internal quantum efficiency of the structures. It is shown that nonequilibrium population of band-tail states in InGaN/GaN QWs depends on the injection type and is controlled by the capture of carriers injected into a QW, in the case of optical injection, and by carrier tunneling “below” the QW under electrical injection.
PACS numbers73.40.Kp 73.63.Hs 78.55.Cr 78.60.Fi 78.67.Dc 85.60.Jb
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