Physics of Particles and Nuclei

, Volume 49, Issue 5, pp 813–817 | Cite as

On Non-Relativistic 3D Spin-1 Theories

  • Eric A. Bergshoeff
  • Jan Rosseel
  • Paul K. Townsend


We describe non-relativistic limits of the 3D Proca and \(\sqrt {{\text{Proca}}} \) theories that yield spin-1 Schroedinger equations. Analogous results are found by generalized null reduction of the 4D Maxwell or complex self-dual Maxwell equations. We briefly discuss the extension to spin-2.



E.B. thanks the organizers of the SQS’2017 workshop for providing a stimulating atmosphere and offering a diverse scientific programme. The work of PKT is partially supported by the STFC consolidated grant ST/P000681/1.


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Faculty of Physics, University of ViennaViennaAustria
  3. 3.Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, Centre for Mathematical Sciences, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce RoadCambridgeU.K.

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