Physics of Particles and Nuclei

, Volume 49, Issue 4, pp 628–632 | Cite as

Search for Neutrino Bursts at the Baksan Underground Scintillation Telescope

  • R. V. Novoseltseva
  • M. M. Boliev
  • I. M. Dzaparova
  • M. M. Kochkarov
  • A. N. Kurenya
  • Yu. F. NovoseltsevEmail author
  • V. B. Petkov
  • V. I. Volchenko
  • G. V. Volchenko
  • A. F. Yanin


The Baksan Underground Scintillation Telescope has been operating under the program of searching for neutrino bursts since the middle of 1980. The target is two parts of the facility with the total mass of 240 t. The actual observation time over the period from June 30, 1980, to December 31, 2016, is 31.27 years. No candidate for the stellar core collapse has been detected during the observation period. The upper bound for the mean rate of the supernova core collapse in our Galaxy is 0.074 y\(^{{ - 1}}\) (90% CL).



  1. 1.
    G. Gamow and M. Shoenberg, “The possible role of neutrinos in stellar evolution,” Phys. Rev. 58, 1117 (1940).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ya. B. Zeldovich and O. Kh. Guseinov, “Neutronization of matter during collapse and the neutrino spectrum,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 162, 791 (1965).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. A. Colgate and R. H. White, “The hydrodynamic behavior of supernovae explosions,” Astrophys. J. 143, 626 (1966).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    T. J. Loredo and D. Q. Lamb, “Bayesian analysis of neutrinos from supernova SN1987A,” Phys. Rev. D 65, 063002 (2002).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    G. Pagliaroli, F. Vissani, M. L. Costantini, and A. Ianni, “Improved analysis of SN1987A antineutrino events,” Astropart. Phys. 31, 163 (2009).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    E. N. Alekseev, L. N. Alekseeva, V. I. Volchenko, V. N. Zakidyshev, G. D. Korotkii, N. A. Metlinskii, V. Ya. Poddubny’i, A. Yu. Reutov, A. E. Chudakov, and A. F. Yanin, “Upper bound on the collapse rate of massive stars in the Milky Way given by neutrino observations with the Baksan Underground Telescope,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 77, 339 (1993).ADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    R. V. Novoseltseva, M. M. Boliev, I. M. Dzaparova, M. M. Kochkarov, S. P. Mikheyev, Yu. F. Novoseltsev, V. B. Petkov, P. S. Striganov, V. I. Volchenko, G. V. Volchenko, and A. F. Yanin, “The search for neutrino bursts from core collapse supernovae at the Baksan Underground Scintillation Telescope,” In Proceeding of the 31st ICRC, Lodz, 2009.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Ikeda, A. Takeda, Y. Fukuda, et al. (Super-Kamiokande Collab.), “Search for supernova neutrino bursts at Super-Kamiokande,” Astrophys. J. 669, 519 (2007).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. Ambrosio, et al. (MACRO Collab.), “Search for stellar gravitational collapses with the MACRO detector,” Eur. Phys. J. C 37, 265 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. Aglietta et al. (LVD Collab.), “The most powerful scintillator supernovae detector: LVD,” Nuovo Cimento A 105, 1793 (1992).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. Ahrens et al. (AMANDA Collab.), “Search for supernova neutrino bursts with the AMANDA detector,” Astropart. Phys. 16, 345 (2002).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    B. Aharmim, S. N. Ahmed, A. E. Anthony, N. Barros, E. W. Beier, A. Bellerive, B. Beltran, M. Bergevin, S. D. Biller, and K. Boudjemline, “Low multiplicity burst search at the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory,” Astrophys. J. 728, 83 (2011).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    T. Lund, A. Marek, C. Lunardini, H.-T. Janka, and G. Raffelt, “Fast time variations of supernova neutrino fluxes and their detectability,” Phys. Rev. D 82, 063007 (2010).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    G. Bellini et al. (Borexino Collab.), “First Real Time Detection of 7Be Solar Neutrinos by Borexino,” Phys. Lett. B 658 (4), 101 (2007).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    K. Eguchi et al. (KamLAND Collab.). “First results from KamLAND: evidence for reactor antineutrino disappearance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 021802 (2003).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    I. Tamborra, G. Raffelt, F. Hanke, H.-T. Janka, and B. Muller, “Neutrino emission characteristics and detection opportunities based on three-dimensional supernova simulations,” Phys. Rev. D 90, 045032 (2014).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    E. N. Alexeyev, V. V. Alexeyenko, Yu. M. Andreyev, V. N. Bakatanov, A. V. Butkevich, A. E. Chudakov, M. D. Galperin, A. A. Gitelson, V. I. Gurentsov, A. E. Danshin, V. A. Dogujaev, V. L. Dadikin, Ya. S. Elensky, V. A. Kozyarivsky, I. M. Kogai, et al., “Baksan Underground Scintillation Telescope,” In Proceedings of the 16th ICRC, Kyoto, 1979, Vol. 10, p. 276.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    V. S. Imshennik and D. K. Nadezhin, “Final stages of star evolution and supernova explosions,” Itogi Nauki Tekhn., Ser.: Astron. 21, 63 (1982).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    W. Hillebrandt and P. Hoflish, “The supernova 1987A in the Large Magellanic Cloud,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 52, 1421 (1989).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    J. Pantaleone, “Neutrino oscillations at high densities,” Phys. Lett. B 287, 128 (1992).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    R. F. Sawyer, “Speed-up of neutrino transformations in a supernova environment,” Phys. Rev. D 72, 045003 (2005).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    H. Duan, G. M. Fuller, J. Carlson, and Y.-Z. Qian, “Simulation of coherent non-linear neutrino flavor transformation in the supernova environment I: Correlated neutrino trajectories,” Phys. Rev. D 74, 105014 (2006).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    V. S. Imshennik, “Explosion mechanism in supernovae collapse,” Space Sci. Rev. 74, 325 (1995).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    V. Baikov, V. M. Suslin, V. M. Chechetkin, V. Bychkov, and L. Stenflo, “Radiation of a neutrino mechanism for type II supernovae,” Astron. Rep. 51, 274 (2007).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    R. V. Novoseltseva, M. M. Boliev, G. M. Vereshkov, V. I. Volchenko, G. V. Volchenko, I. M. Dzaparova, M. M. Kochkarov, M. G. Kostyuk, Yu. F. Novoseltsev, V. B. Petkov, P. S. Striganov, and A. F. Yanin, “The search for neutrino bursts from collapsing core supernovae at the Baksan Underground Scintillation Telescope,” Bull. Russ. Acad. Sci.: Phys. 75, 419 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    S. M. Adams, C. S. Kochanek, J. F. Beacom, M. R. Vagins, and K. Z. Stanek, “Observing the next galactic supernova,” Astrophys. J. 778, 164 (2013).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. V. Novoseltseva
    • 1
  • M. M. Boliev
    • 1
  • I. M. Dzaparova
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. M. Kochkarov
    • 1
  • A. N. Kurenya
    • 1
  • Yu. F. Novoseltsev
    • 1
    Email author
  • V. B. Petkov
    • 1
    • 2
  • V. I. Volchenko
    • 1
  • G. V. Volchenko
    • 1
  • A. F. Yanin
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Nuclear Research, Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Astronomy, Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations