Composite fermions in medium: Extending the Lipkin model
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- Liebing, S. & Blaschke, D. Phys. Part. Nuclei (2015) 46: 794. doi:10.1134/S1063779615050160
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The role of phase space occupation effects for the formation of twoand three-particle bound states in a dense medium is investigated within an algebraic approach suitable for systems with short-range interactions. It is shown that for two-fermion bound states due to the account of the exchange symmetry (phase space occupation) effect (Pauli blocking) in a dense medium the binding energy is reduced and vanishes at a critical density (Mott effect). For three-fermion bound states, within a Faddeev equation approach, the intermediate formation of pair correlations leads to the representation as a suitably symmetrized fermion-boson bound state. It is shown that the Bose enhancement of fermion pairs can partially compensate the Pauli blocking between the fermions. This leads to the general result obtained by algebraic methods: three-fermion bound states in a medium with high phase space occupation appear necessarily as Borromean states beyond the Mott density of the two-fermion bound state.