Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics

, Volume 119, Issue 5, pp 958–970 | Cite as

Fast ignition when heating the central part of an inertial confinement fusion target by an ion beam

  • S. Yu. Gus’kov
  • N. V. Zmitrenko
  • D. V. Il’in
  • V. E. Sherman
Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics

Abstract

We investigate the ignition and burning of a precompressed laser fusion target when it is rapidly heated by an ion beam with the formation of a temperature peak in the central part of the target. We present the results of our comprehensive numerical simulations of the problem that include the following components: (1) the target compression under the action of a profiled laser pulse, (2) the heating of the compressed target with spatially nonuniform density and temperature distributions by a beam of high-energy ions, and (3) the burning of the target with the initial spatial density distribution formed at the instant of maximum target compression and the initial spatial temperature distribution formed as a result of the compressed-target heating by an ion beam. The dependences of the threshold energies of the igniting ion beam and the thermonuclear gain on the width of the Gaussian beam ion energy spectrum have been established. The peculiarities of fast ignition by an ion beam related to the spatial distribution of parameters for the target precompressed by a laser pulse are discussed.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    N. G. Basov, S. Yu. Gus’kov, and L. P. Feoktistov, J. Sov. Laser Res. 13, 396 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, M. E. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626 (1994).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. Caruso and V. A. Pais, Nucl. Fusion 36, 745 (1996).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. Yu. Gus’kov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 31, 885 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. Roth, T. E. Cowan, M. H. Key, S. P. Hatchett, C. Brown, W. Fountain, J. Johnson, D. M. Pennington, R. A. Snavely, S. C. Wilks, K. Yasuike, H. Ruh, F. Pegoraro, and S. V. Bulanov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 436 (2001).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    H. Ruhl, S. V. Bulanov, T. E. Cowan, T. V. Lisekina, P. Nickles, F. Pegoraro, M. Roth, and W. Sandner, Plasma Phys. Rep. 27(5), 363 (2001).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    V. Yu. Bychenkov, W. Rozmus, A. Maksimchuk, D. Umstadter, and C. E. Capjack, Plasma Phys. Rep. 27(12), 1017 (2001).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, T. Sakaiya, H. Azechi, S. Fujioka, H. Shiraga, M. Nakai, K. Shigemori, H. Saito, S. Obenschain, M. Karasik, J. Gardner, J. Bates, D. Colombant, J. Weaver, and Y. Aglitskiy, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 47, B815 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. C. Fernandez, J. J. Honrubia, B. J. Albright, K. A. Flippo, D. C. Gautier, B. M. Hegelich, M. J. Schmitt, M. Temporal, and L. Yin, Nucl. Fusion 49, 065004 (2009).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    S. Yu. Gus’kov, Plasma Phys. Rep. 39(1), 1 (2013).ADSCrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    S. Atzeni, M. Temporal, and J. J. Honrubia, Nucl. Fusion 42, L1 (2002).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    S. Yu. Gus’kov, Laser Part. Beams 23, 255 (2005).ADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. J. Honrubia, J. C. Fernandez, M. Temporal, B. M. Hegelich, and J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, Phys. Plasmas 16, 102701 (2009).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    S. Yu. Gus’kov, D. V. Il’in, J. Limpouch, O. Klimo, and V. E. Sherman, Plasma Phys. Rep. 36(6), 473 (2010).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    A. Caruso and C. Strangio, Laser Part. Beams 19, 295 (2001).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    V. T. Tikhonchuk, T. Schlegel, C. Regan, J.-L. Feugeas, Ph. Nicolai, and X. Ribeyre, Nucl. Fusion 50, 045003 (2010).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    V. T. Tikhonchuk, T. Schlegel, N. Naumova, I. V. Sokolov, C. Regan, M. Temporal, J.-L. Feugeas, Ph. Nicolai, X. Ribeyre, C. Labaune, and G. Mourou, J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 244, 022069 (2010).ADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    C. Regan, T. Schlegel, V. T. Tikhonchuk, J. Honrubia, J.-L. Feugeas, and Ph. Nicolai, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 53, 045014 (2011).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    S. Yu. Gus’kov, D. V. Il’in, and V. E. Sherman, Plasma Phys. Rep. 40(7), 572 (2014).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    N. V. Zmitrenko, V. YA. Karpov, and A. P. Fadeev, Vopr. At. Nauki Tech., Ser.: Metod. Programmy Chislennogo Resheniya Zadach Mat. Fiz. 2, 38 (1982).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    O. R. Gasparyan, S. Yu. Gus’kov, D. V. Il’in, V. E. Sherman, and N. V. Zmitrenko, J. Russ. Laser Res. 34, 33 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    S. Yu. Gus’kov, D. V. Il’in, A. A. Levkovsky, V. B. Rozanov, V. E. Sherman, and O. B. Vygodsky, Laser Part. Beams 16, 129 (1998).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    S. Atzeni, A. Schiavi, J. J. Honrubia, X. Ribeyre, G. Schurtz, Ph. Nicolai, M. Olazabal-Loumé, C. Bellei, R. G. Evans, and J. R. Davies, Phys. Plasmas 15, 056311 (2008).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    M. Dunne, N. Alexander, F. Amiranoff, P. Auger, S. Atzeni, H. Azechi, V. Bagnoud, P. Balcou, J. Badziak, D. Batani, C. Bellei, D. Besnard, R. Bingham, J. Breil, M. Borghesi, S. Borneis, A. Caruso, J. C. Chanteloup, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, J. R. Davies, J. P. Dufour, P. Estrailler, R. L. Evans, M. Fajardo, R. Fedosejevs, G. Figueria, J. Fils, J. L. Feugeas, M. Galimberti, J.-C. Gauthier, A. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, D. Goodin, G. Gregori, S. Gus’kov, L. Hallo, C. Hermandez-Gomez, D. Hoffman, J. Honrubia, S. Jacquemot, M. Key, J. Kilkenny, R. Kingham, M. Koenig, F. Kovacs, A. McEvoy, P. McKenna, J. T. Mendonca, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, K. Mima, G. Mourou, S. Moustazis, Z. Najmudin, P. Nickles, D. Neely, P. Norreys, M. Olazabal, A. Offenberger, N. Papodogianis, J. M. Perlado, J. Ramirez, R. Ramis, Y. Rhee, X. Ribeyre, A. Robinson, K. Rohlena, S. Rose, M. Roth, C. Rouyer, C. Rulliere, B. Rus, W. Sandner, A. Schiavi, G. Schurtz, A. Sergeev, M. Sherlock, L. Silva, R. Smith, G. Sorasio, C. Strangio, H. Takabe, M. Tatarakis, V. Tikhonchuk, M. Tolley, M. Vaselli, P. Velarde, T. Winstone, K. Witte, J. Wolowski, N. Woolsey, B. Wyborn, and M. Zepf, HiPER: The European High-Power Laser Energy Research Facility (Technical Background and Conceptual Design Report, 2007).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    V. A. Shcherbakov, Sov. J. Plasma Phys. 9(2), 240 (1983).MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    R. Betti, C. D. Zhou, K. S. Anderson, L. J. Perkins, W. Theobald, and A. A. Solodov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 155001 (2007).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    X. Ribeyre, Ph. Nikolai, G. Schurtz, M. Olazabal-Loume, J. Breil, P. H. Maire, J. L. Feugeas, L. Hallo, and V. T. Tikhonchuket, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 50, 025007 (2008).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    S. Yu. Gus’kov, N. V. Zmitrenko, and V. B. Rozanov, J. Russ. Laser Res. 32, 596 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    S. Yu. Gus’kov, N. V. Zmitrenko, D. V. Il’in, A. A. Levkovskii, V. B. Rozanov, and V. E. Sherman, Plasma Phys. Rep. 35(9), 709 (2009).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    D. V. Sivukhin, Vopr. Teor. Plazmy, No. 4, 81 (1964).Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    N. G. Basov, O. B. Vygovskii, S. Yu. Gus’kov, D. V. Il’in, A. A. Levkovskii, V. B. Rozanov, and V. E. Sherman, Sov. J. Plasma Phys. 12(8), 526 (1986).Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    V. S. Belyaev, V. P. Krainov, and V. S. Lisitsa, A. P. Matafonov, Phys.—Usp. 51(8), 793 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    H. Azechi, in Book of Abstracts of the Seventh Conference on Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications (IFSA 2011), Bordeaux, France, September 12–16, 2011 (Bordeaux, 2011), p. 121.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    S. Yu. Gus’kov, A. A. Levkovskii, D. V. Il’in, and V. B. Rozanov, Fiz. Plazmy 11, 55 (1991).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Yu. Gus’kov
    • 1
    • 2
  • N. V. Zmitrenko
    • 3
  • D. V. Il’in
    • 4
  • V. E. Sherman
    • 4
  1. 1.Lebedev Physical InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.National Research Nuclear University MEPhIMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Keldysh Institute of Applied MathematicsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  4. 4.St. Petersburg State Technical UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations