Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics

, Volume 118, Issue 2, pp 167–175 | Cite as

Image potential eigenstates and resonances on the (110) surfaces of noble metals: Energies and lifetimes

Atoms, Molecules, Optics

Abstract

The energies and lifetimes of the image potential resonances at the Ȳ point on the Cu(110), Ag(110), and Au(110) surfaces are studied, and the energies of the image potential states on the Pd(110) surface are analyzed. It is shown that every quantum number n corresponds to a pair of image potential states (resonances) n+ and n at the Ȳ point. The average energy of a pair of eigenstates (resonances) at n ≥ 2 is well described by the formula Ēn = (En+ + En) = E0 − (0.85 eV)/(n + δ)2, where δ is the quantum defect, E0 = (1/2me)(ħπ/a)2, and a is the lattice parameter. The splitting energy of a pair of eigenstates (resonances) obeys the law ΔEn = En+Enn−3. The lifetimes τn± of image potential resonances are proportional to n3.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tomsk State UniversityTomskRussia
  2. 2.Departamento de Física de Materiales UPV/EHUCentro de Física de Materiales CFM-MPC, and Centro Mixto CSIC-UPV/EHUSan Sebastian/Donostia, Basque CountrySpain

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