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Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics

, Volume 115, Issue 6, pp 1140–1150 | Cite as

Laws of formation of polar smectic phases under a frustrated interaction

  • P. V. Dolganov
  • V. M. Zhilin
  • E. I. Kats
Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics

Abstract

The Landau theory of phase transitions with a two-component order parameter is used to systematically calculate the structures and phase diagrams of polar liquid crystals. Commensurate and incommensurate structures with a layer-type period form as a result of a frustration interaction. Phase diagrams are calculated when various short- and long-range interlayer interactions are sequentially introduced. As a result, the nature of formation of various structures is revealed. The calculated phase diagrams explain the formation of various phases, their temperature sequence (including so-called “unusual” sequence of phases), and the nature of forces responsible for the formation of a certain structure and the shape of a phase diagram.

Keywords

Phase Diagram Polar Structure Layer Interaction Neighboring Layer Smectic Layer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Solid State PhysicsRussian Academy of SciencesChernogolovka, Moscow oblastRussia
  2. 2.Landau Institute for Theoretical PhysicsRussian Academy of SciencesChernogolovka, Moscow oblastRussia

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