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Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics

, Volume 115, Issue 4, pp 614–625 | Cite as

Measurement of quasi-isentropic compressibility of helium and deuterium at pressures of 1500–2000 GPa

  • M. A. Mochalov
  • R. I. Il’kaev
  • V. E. Fortov
  • A. L. Mikhailov
  • Yu. M. Makarov
  • V. A. Arinin
  • A. O. Blikov
  • A. Yu. Baurin
  • V. A. Komrakov
  • V. A. Ogorodnikov
  • A. V. Ryzhkov
  • E. A. Pronin
  • A. A. Yukhimchuk
Solids and Liquids

Abstract

The quasi-isentropic compressibility of helium and deuterium plasmas at pressures of up to 1500–2000 GPa has been measured using devices with spherical geometry and an X-ray diagnostic complex comprising three betatrons and a multichannel imaging system with electro-optic gamma detectors. A deuterium density of 4.5 g/cm3 and a helium density of 3.8 g/cm3 have been obtained at pressures of 2210 and 1580 GPa, respectively. The internal energy of a deuterium plasma at the indicated pressure is about 1 MJ/cm3, which is about 100 times greater than the specific energy of condensed chemical explosives. Analysis of the obtained data shows that the degree of helium ionization under the achieved plasma compression parameters is about 0.9.

Keywords

Shock Wave Deuterium High Explosive Maximum Compression Organic Glass 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. A. Mochalov
    • 1
  • R. I. Il’kaev
    • 1
  • V. E. Fortov
    • 2
  • A. L. Mikhailov
    • 1
  • Yu. M. Makarov
    • 1
  • V. A. Arinin
    • 1
  • A. O. Blikov
    • 1
  • A. Yu. Baurin
    • 1
  • V. A. Komrakov
    • 1
  • V. A. Ogorodnikov
    • 1
  • A. V. Ryzhkov
    • 1
  • E. A. Pronin
    • 1
  • A. A. Yukhimchuk
    • 1
  1. 1.All-Russia Institute of Experimental PhysicsRussian Federal Nuclear CenterSarov, Nizhni Novgorod oblastRussia
  2. 2.Joint Institute for High TemperaturesRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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