Conversion of dark matter axions to photons in magnetospheres of neutron stars
We propose a new method to detect observational appearance of dark matter axions. The method utilizes radio observations of neutron stars. It is based on the conversion of axions to photons in strong magnetic fields of neutron stars (the Primakoff effect). If the conversion occurs, the radio spectrum of the object has a very distinctive feature—a narrow spike at the frequency corresponding to the rest mass of the axion. For example, if the coupling constant of the photon-axion interaction is M = 1010 GeV, the density of dark matter axions is ρ = 10−24 g cm−3 and the axion mass is 5 μeV; then the flux from a strongly magnetized (1014 G) neutron star at the distance 300 pc from the Sun is expected to be about few tenths of millijansky at a frequency of about 1200 MHz in a bandwidth of about 3 MHz. Close-by X-ray dim isolated neutron stars are proposed as good candidates to look for such radio emission.
PACS numbers14.80.Mz 95.35.+d 97.60.Gb 95.85.Bh
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