Advertisement

Determining the primary cosmic ray energy from the total flux of Cherenkov light measured at the Yakutsk EAS array

  • A. A. Ivanov
  • S. P. Knurenko
  • I. E. Sleptsov
Nuclei, Particles, Fields, Gravitation, and Astrophysics

Abstract

We present a method for determining the energy of the primary particle that generates an extensive air shower (EAS) of comic rays based on measuring the total flux of Cherenkov light from the shower. Applying this method to Cherenkov light measurements at the Yakutsk EAS array has allowed us to construct the cosmic ray energy spectrum in the range 1015 − 3 × 1019 eV.

PACS numbers

95.85.Ry 96.50.sd 98.70.Sa 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    M. N. D’yakonov, T. A. Egorov, N. N. Efimov, et al., Cosmic Radiation of Extremely High Energy (Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1991) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. A. Ivanov, S. P. Knurenko, and I. Ye. Sleptsov, Nucl. Phys. B (Proc. Suppl.) 122, 226 (2003).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    N. M. Nesterova and A. E. Chudakov, Zh. Éksp. Teor. Fiz. 28, 384 (1955) [Sov. Phys. JETP 1, 388 (1955)].Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    I. E. Sleptsov, Candidate’s Dissertation in Physics and Mathematics (Physical Inst., USSR Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 1974).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    I. M. Frank and I. E. Tamm, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 14, 109 (1937).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. A. Mostafa et al., in Proceedings of 28th International Cosmic Ray Conference (Tsukuba, Japan, 2003), Vol. 1, p. 465.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Catalogue of Highest Energy Cosmic Rays, Ed. by M. Wada (World Data Centre for Cosmic Rays, Tokyo, 1980, 1986, 1988), Vols. 1, 2, 3.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Takeda, N. Sakaki, K. Honda, et al., in Proceedings of 28th International Cosmic Ray Conference (Tsukuba, Japan, 2003), Vol. 1, p. 381.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. Teshima, in Proceedings of International Workshop on the UHE Universe: A Vision for the Next Decade (Rome, 2006), http://www.roma2.infn.it/uhe_workshop06.
  10. 10.
    C. Song, Z. Cao, B. R. Dawson, et al., Astropart. Phys. 14, 7 (2000).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    L. D. Landau, Zh. Éksp. Teor. Fiz. 10, 1007 (1940).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Particle Data Group, Eur. Phys. J. 3, 148 (1998).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    S. P. Knurenko, A. A. Ivanov, I. E. Sleptsov, and A. V. Saburov, Pis’ma Zh. Éksp. Teor. Fiz. 83, 563 (2006) [JETP Lett. 83, 473 (2006)].Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    S. Z. Belen’kiĭ, Avalanche Processes in Cosmic Rays (OGIZ-Gostekhizdat, Moscow, 1948) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    M. N. D’yakonov, Candidate’s Dissertation in Physics and Mathematics (Inst. for Nuclear Research, USSR Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 1981).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    O. S. Diminshteĭn, in Problems in Space Physics and Aeronomy (Yakut. Fil. Sib. Otd. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Yakutsk, 1977), p. 7 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    T. Hara, K. Kamata, and G. Tanahashi, in Proceedings of 15th International Cosmic Ray Conference (Plovdiv, 1977), Vol. 8, p. 308.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    T. Abu-Zayyad, K. Belov, D. J. Birdi, et al., Astropart. Phys. 16, 1 (2001).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    P. Sokolsky and the HiRes Collab., in Proceedings of 29th International Cosmic Ray Conference (Pune, 2005), Vol. 7, p. 381.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    B. A. Khrenov, Doctoral Dissertation in Physics and Mathematics (Moscow State Univ., Moscow, 1986).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    V. S. Murzin and L. I. Sarycheva, Interactions of High-Energy Hadrons (Nauka, Moscow, 1983) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    A. V. Glushkov, M. N. D’yakonov, T. A. Egorov, et al., Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Fiz. 55, 713 (1991).ADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    A. A. Lagutin, R. I. Raikin, N. Inoue, and A. Misaki, J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys. 28, 1259 (2002).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    A. V. Glushkov, M. I. Pravdin, I. E. Sleptsov, et al., Yad. Fiz. 63, 1557 (2000) [Phys. At. Nucl. 63, 1447 (2000)].Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    S. S. Ostapchenko, Candidate’s Dissertation in Physics and Mathematics (Inst. of Nuclear Physics, Moscow State Univ., Moscow, 1994).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    V. P. Egorova, A. V. Glushkov, A. A. Ivanov, et al., Nucl. Phys. B (Proc. Suppl.) 136, 3 (2004).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    G. B. Khristiansen, G. V. Kulikov, and Yu. A. Fomin, Cosmic Radiation of Superhigh Energy (Atomizdat, Moscow, 1975) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    M. Nagano and A. A. Watson, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 689 (2000).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    M. N. D’yakonov, T. A. Egorov, A. A. Ivanov, et al., Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Fiz. 42, 1449 (1978).ADSGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    N. M. Budnev, D. V. Chernov, O. A. Gress, et al., in Proceedings of 29th International Cosmic Ray Conference (Pune, 2005), Vol. 6, p. 257.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    J. W. Fowler, L. F. Fortson, C. C. H. Jui, et al., Astropart. Phys. 15, 49 (2001).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    A. A. Lagutin, R. I. Raikin, N. V. Stanovkina, et al., in Proceedings of 28th International Cosmic Ray Conference (Tsukuba, 2003), Vol. 1, p. 675.ADSGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    A. D. Erlykin, A. A. Lagutin, and A. W. Wolfendale, Astropart. Phys. 19, 351 (2003).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    A. D. Erlykin and A. W. Wolfendale, J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys. 27, 941 (2001).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    J. Bahcall and E. Waxman, Phys. Lett. B 556, 1 (2003).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    R. Aloisio and V. Berezinsky, Astrophys. J. 625, 249 (2004).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. A. Ivanov
    • 1
  • S. P. Knurenko
    • 1
  • I. E. Sleptsov
    • 1
  1. 1.Shafer Institute for Cosmophysical Research and AeronomyYakutskRussia

Personalised recommendations