Astronomy Letters

, Volume 35, Issue 8, pp 564–571

The Gnevyshev-Ohl rule for physical parameters of the solar magnetic field: The 400-year interval

  • Yu. A. Nagovitsyn
  • E. Yu. Nagovitsyna
  • V. V. Makarova
Article

Abstract

We consider a number of questions pertaining to the famous Gnevyshev-Ohl rule. We discuss various formulations of the rule and show that it is not violated in its exact formulation in the last pair of 11-year cycles 22 and 23. The rule has been found to hold not only for statistical indices of solar activity but also in the context of physical parameters of the solar magnetic field: the sunspot magnetic flux and the open magnetic flux. We have established that the hypothesis by Usoskin et al. (2001) about the “loss“ of one cycle at the end of the 18th century allows the Gnevyshev-Ohl rule, which regulates the behavior of physical parameters of the solar magnetic field, to be made universal, without any exceptions, at least in the last 400 years. Thus, in fact, we can talk about the Gnevyshev-Ohl law of the long-term dynamics of the solar magnetic field, a law that holds at both normal and extreme levels of solar activity.

Key words

solar magnetic field solar cyclicity 

PACS numbers

96.60.qd 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    L. Balmaceda, N. A. Krivova, and S. K. Solanki, Adv. Space Res. 40, 986 (2007).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    E. E. Benevolenskaya and M. I. Pudovkin, Pis’ma Astron. Zh. 8, 506 (1982) [Sov. Astron. Lett. 8, 273 (1982)].ADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. N. Gnevyshev and A. I. Ohl, Astron. Zh. 25, 18 (1948).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. N. Gnevyshev, Yu. A. Nagovitsyn, and E. Yu. Nagovitsyna, Solnech. Dannye 2, 72 (1985).ADSGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. N. Gnevyshev, Yu. A. Nagovitsyn, and E. Yu. Nagovitsyna, Solnech. Dannye 3, 57 (1986).ADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    D. V. Hoyt and K. H. Schatten, Solar Phys. 179, 491 (1998).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    B. Komitov and B. Bonev, Astrophys. J. 554, L119 (2001).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Kopecky, Bull. Astron. Instit. Czechoslovakia 2, 14 (1950).ADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. Kopecky, Publ. Astron. Czechoslov. Acad. Sci. 42 (1958).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    E. H. Levy and D. Boyer, Astrophys. J. 254, L19 (1982).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. Lockwood, R. Stamper, and M. N. Wild, Nature 399, 437 (1999).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    V. I. Makarov and A. G. Tlatov, Izv. GAO RAN 217, 105 (2004).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    V. I. Makarov, A. G. Tlatov, D. K. Callebaut, et al., Solar Phys. 198, 409 (2001).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    K. Mursula, I. G. Usoskin, and G. A. Kovaltsov, Solar Phys. 198, 51 (2001).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    K. Mursula, I. G. Usoskin, and G. A. Kovaltsov, Adv. Space Res. 29, 1979 (2002).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Yu. A. Nagovitsyn, Pis’ma Astron. Zh. 33, 385 (2007) [Astron. Lett. 33, 340 (2007)].Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Yu. A. Nagovitsyn, Pis’ma Astron. Zh. 31, 622 (2005) [Astron. Lett. 31, 557 (2005)].Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Yu. A. Nagovitsyn, Pis’ma Astron. Zh. 32, 382 (2006) [Astron. Lett. 32, 344 (2006)].Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Yu. A. Nagovitsyn, Solnech. Dannye 12, 109 (1988).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Yu. A. Nagovitsyn, V. V. Makarova, and E. Yu. Nagovitsyna, Astron. Vestnik 41, 86 (2007) [Solar Syst. Res. 41, 81 (2007)].Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Yu. A. Nagovitsyn, E. V. Miletskii, V. G. Ivanov, and S. A. Guseva, Kosmich. Issled. 46, 291 (2008).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    V. N. Obridko, Solar Phys. 156, 179 (1995).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    V. N. Obridko and B.D. Shel’ting, Pis’ma Astron. Zh. 35, 37 (2009).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    I. G. Richardson, H. V. Cane, and E. W. Cliver, J. Geophys. Res. 107, 2569 (2002).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    L. Svalgaard and E. W. Cliver, J. Geophys. Res. 110, A12 103 (2005).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    I. G. Usoskin, K. Mursula, and G. A. Kovaltsov, Astron. Astrophys. 354, L33 (2000).ADSGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    I. G. Usoskin, K. Mursula, and G. A. Kovaltsov, Astron. Astrophys. 370, L31 (2001).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    I. G. Usoskin, K. Mursula, and G. A. Kovaltsov, Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 2183 (2002).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Yu. I. Vitinskii, M. Kopecky, and G. V. Kuklin, Statistics of Sunspot Activity of the Sun (Nauka, Moscow, 1986) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Y.-M. Wang, J. Lean, and N. R. Sheeley, Jr., Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 505 (2000).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Y.-M. Wang, N. R. Sheeley, Jr., and J. Lean, Astrophys. J. 580, 1188 (2002).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu. A. Nagovitsyn
    • 1
  • E. Yu. Nagovitsyna
    • 1
  • V. V. Makarova
    • 1
  1. 1.Pulkovo Astronomical ObservatoryRussian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations