Astronomy Reports

, Volume 62, Issue 12, pp 1003–1012 | Cite as

Next Generation Space Gravimetry: Scientific Tasks, Concepts, and Realization

  • V. K. MilyukovEmail author
  • Hsien-Chi Yeh


A review of the achievements of space geodesy in the 21st century, represented by the successful realization of the CHAMP, GOCE, and GRACE missions, is presented. The main result of these missions is the creation of models for the gravitational field of the Earth with high spatial and temporal resolution. In particular, for an uncertainty in the height of the geoid of ~1 mm, the monthly models contain about 50 spherical harmonics, corresponding to a spatial resolution of ~400 km. The GRACE Follow On mission was launched inMay 2018, whose aim is to provide data for the monthly global models for the gravitational field of the Earth initiated with the GRACE mission. Paths for the development of the next generation of space gravimetry projects are considered. These will enable an appreciable (by no less than a factor of 10) improvement in the precision of models for the gravitational field of the Earth. This paper is based on a presentation made at the conference “Modern Astrometry 2017,” dedicated to the memory of K.V. Kuimov (Sternberg Astronomical Institute, Moscow State University, October 23–25, 2017).


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    C. Reigber, H. Luehr, and P. Schwintzer, J. Adv. Space Res. 30, 129 (2002).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    B. D. Tapley, S. Bettadpur, M. M. Watkins, and Ch. Reigber, Geophys. Res. Lett. 31 (9), 4 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. Albertella, F. Migliaccio, and F. Sanso, Celest. Mech. Dyn. Astron. 83, 1 (2002).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. T. Zuber, D. E. Smith, M. M. Watkins, S.W. Asmar, et al., Science (Washington, DC, U. S.) 339, 668 (2013).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    C. Reigber, G. Balmino, P. Schwintzer, R. Biancale, et al., Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 1692 (2002).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    P. Touboul, E. Willemenot, B. Foulon, and V. Josselin, Boll. Geofis. Teor. Appl. 40, 321 (1999).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    P. Silvestrin, Ann. Rev. Control 29, 247 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. R. Drinkwater, R. Floberghagen, R. Haagmans, D. Muzi, and A. Popescu, Space Sci. Rev. 108, 419 (2003).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. Watkins, F. Flechtner, and F. Webb, in GRACE Science Team Meeting Proceedings, Austin, TX, September 20–22, 2015.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    F. Flechtner, K-H. Neumayer, and Ch. Dahle, in GRACE Science Team Meeting Proceedings, Austin, TX, September 20–22, 2015.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. Ries, S. Bettadpur, R. Eanes, Z. Kang, et al., The Combined GravityModel GGM05C.GFZData Services (Potsdam, 2016).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    E. Kurtenbach, A. Eicker, T. Mayer-Gurr, and J. Kusche, J. Geodyn. 59, 39 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    N. Pavlis, S. A. Holmes, S. C. Kenyon, and J. K. Factor, J. Geophys. Res. 117, B04406 (2012).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    T. Mayer-Gürr, E. Kurtenbach, A. Eicker, and K.-H. Ilk, in System Earth via Geodetic–Geophysical Space Techniques, Ed. by F. M. Flechtner, T. Gruber, A. Güntner, M. Mandea, M. Rothacher, T. Schone, and J. Wickert (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010), p. 159.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    P. L. Bender, D. Wiese, and R. S. Nerem, in Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Formation Flying, Missions and Technologies, ESA/ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, April 23–25, 2008, p. 6.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    B. Elsaka, J. Kusche, and K.-H. Ilk, Adv. Space Res. 50, 1534 (2012).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    B. Elsaka, J.-C. Raimondo, Ph. Brieden, T. Reubelt, et al., J. Geodesy 88, 31 (2014).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    D. Wiese, W. Folkner, and R. Nerem, J. Geodesy 83, 569 (2009).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    D. Wiese, R. Nerem, and S.-C. Han, J. Geophys.Res. 116, B11405 (2011).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    S. Iran Pour, T. Reubelt, and N. Sneeuw, J. Adv. Space Res. 52, 916 (2013).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    B. Elsaka, Int. J. Geosci. 5, 267 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sternberg Astronomical InstituteLomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Sun Yat-sen UniversityGuangzhouP. R. China

Personalised recommendations