Acoustical Physics

, Volume 63, Issue 1, pp 33–44 | Cite as

Acoustics and hydrodynamics of a drop impact on a water surface

  • Yu. D. Chashechkin
  • V. E. Prokhorov
Physical Acoustics


Hydrodynamic and acoustic processes associated with a drop impact on a water surface were studied experimentally. Acoustic signals were detected underwater (with a hydrophone) and in air (with a microphone), the flow pattern was recorded with a high-speed camera, and the surface perturbation was monitored with a laser detector. The dimensionless parameters of flows (Reynolds, Froude, and Weber numbers) induced by the impact varied with fall height within the ranges of 5000 < Re < 20000, 20 < Fr < 350, and 70 < We < 1000. The sequence of acoustic signals incorporated an impact pulse at the moment of contact between a drop and the surface and a series of acoustic packets attributable to the resonance emission of gas cavities. The top of the impact pulse, which was detected clearly in the entire fall height range, had a complex structure with short high-frequency and longer low-frequency oscillations. The total number and the parameters of emitted acoustic packets depended to a considerable extent on the fall height. The cases of lacking, one-time, and repeated emission of packets were noted in a series of experiments performed at a constant fall height. The analysis of video data showed that the signal variability was induced by considerable differences in the scenarios of water entry of a drop, which assumed an ovoid shape at the end trajectory segment, in the mentioned experiments.


impact pulse underflow gas cavity detachment resonance acoustic packet emission instability 


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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ishlinsky Institute for Problems in MechanicsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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