Molecular Phylogeny of Gobies (Teleostei, Gobiidae) from Iranian Water Bodies with a New Record
- 14 Downloads
The members of the family Gobiidae are usually small, secretive and are often overlooked in scientific studies of coastal marine communities. This family comprises the subfamilies of Sicydiinae, Gobionellinae, Oxudercinae, Amblyopinae, and Gobiinae. The Oxudercinae, Amblyopinae, and Gobiinae inhabit intertidal and subtidal zones of southern Iran. Stonogobiops nematodes has been identified in the study area for the first time. This research presents molecular reconstructions of seven goby species from the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Makran, using the nuclear Rag1 and Rhodopsin genes. The phylogeny combines sequences of 51 species from GenBank with those of the new species. Maximum likelihood and Bayesian analysis were used to determine that the monophyly of the Oxudercinae and Amblyopinae, as suggested by previous morphological studies, cannot be supported by the present and other molecular studies. The subfamily Gobiinae contains Gobiopsis and Cryptocentrus lineages. Close phylogenetic relationships between Istigobius and Exyrias, and Stonogobiops and Cryptocentrus are verified by morphological and molecular examination. The present molecular reconstruction uses gobies from southern Iranian waters to present more precise phylogenetic relationships among the Gobiidae than have been presented in previous studies.
Keywords:Oxudercinae Amblyopinae Gobiinae nuclear markers Iran
We would like to express our sincere thanks to the University of Sistan and Baluchestan for financial support. We are indebted to Abdulwahed Pehpuri, Saeed Yaghfoori, Yaser Tariz, and Soroosh Puyan for their help during field surveys in Iran. Dr. Mohsen Armesh has kindly helped us with preparing the map for Fig. 1.
This work was supported by the University of Sistan and Baluchestan, the Office of Vice Chancellor for Research and Technology (project no. 95-17234).
COMPLIANCE WITH ETHICAL STANDARDS
Conflict of interests. The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Statement on the welfare of animals. All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.
- 1.Thacker, C.E., Systematics of Gobiidae, in The Biology of Gobies, Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC, 2011, pp. 129–136.Google Scholar
- 4.Prince Akihito, Hayashi, M., Yoshino, T., et al., Suborder Gobioidei, in The Fishes of the Japanese Archipelago, Tokyo: Tokai Univ. Press, 1984, pp. 236–289.Google Scholar
- 5.Emperor Akihito, Sakamoto, K., Ikeda, Y., and Iwata, A., Suborder Gobioidei, in Fishes of Japan with Pictorial Keys to the Species, 2nd ed., Tokyo: Tokai Univ. Press, 2000, pp. 5–15.Google Scholar
- 6.Birdsong, R.S., Murdy, E.O., and Pezold, F.L., A study of the vertebral column and median fin osteology in gobioid fishes with comments on gobioid relationships, Bull. Mar. Sci., 1988, vol. 42, pp. 174–214.Google Scholar
- 7.Gill, A.C. and Mooi, R.D., Thalasseleotrididae, new family of marine gobioid fishes from New Zealand and temperate Australia, with a revised definition of its sister taxon, the Gobiidae (Teleostei: Acanthomorpha), Zootaxa, 2012, vol. 3266, pp. 41–52.Google Scholar
- 8.Hoese, D.F., Gobioidei: relationships, in: Ontogeny and Systematics of Fishes, American Society of Ichthyology and Herpetology, Special Publication no. 1, Lawrence, Kans.: Allen Press, 1984, pp. 588–591.Google Scholar
- 9.Hoese, D.F. and Gill, A.C., Phylogenetic relationships of eleotridid fishes (Perciformes: Gobioidei), Bull. Mar. Sci., 1993, vol. 52, pp. 415–440.Google Scholar
- 19.Blegvad, H. and Loppenthin, B., Fishes of the Iranian Gulf, Copenhagen: Einar Munksgaard, 1944.Google Scholar
- 20.Kuronuma, K. and Abe, Y., Fishes of Kuwait, Kuwait: Kuwait Inst. Sci. Res., 1972.Google Scholar
- 21.Jones, D.A., A Field Guide to the Seashores of Kuwait and the Arabian Gulf, Kuwait: Univ. of Kuwait, 1986.Google Scholar
- 22.Randall, J.E., Coastal Fishes of Oman, Honolulu: Univ. of Hawaii Press, 1995.Google Scholar
- 23.Carpenter, K.E., Krupp, F., Jones, D.A., et al., FAO Species Identification Field Guide for Fishery Purposes: Living Marine Resources of Kuwait, Eastern Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates, Rome: FAO, 1997.Google Scholar
- 25.Rahimian, H. and Pehpouri, A., Intertidal fishes of Qeshm Island the Persian Gulf. I. Gobiidae (Pisces: Perciformes), J. Sci., Univ. Tehran, 2006, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 69–76.Google Scholar
- 26.Ghanbarifardi, M. and Malek, M., Permanent intertidal fish from the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman, Iran, Iran. J. Anim. Biosyst., 2007, vol. 3, pp. 1–14.Google Scholar
- 29.Sadeghi, R., Esmaeili, H.R., Fricke, R., and Larson, H., New geographical record and morphological features of the Indo-Pacific tropical sand goby, Favonigobius reichei (Bleeker, 1854) from Iranian coast of the Makran Sea (Teleostei, Gobiidae), Check List, 2017, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 641–645.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 32.Ghanbarifardi, M., Aliabadian, M., and Esmaeli, H.R., Morphometric variation of Periophthalmus waltoni (Teleostei: Gobiidae) in the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman, Iran. J. Anim. Biosyst., 2014, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 137–144.Google Scholar
- 41.Lanfear, R., Frandsen, P.B., Wright, A.M., et al., PartitionFinder 2: New methods for selecting partitioned models of evolution for molecular and morphological phylogenetic analyses, Mol. Biol. Evol., 2016, vol. 34, pp. 772–773.Google Scholar
- 42.Kuiter, R.H., Tropical Reef-Fishes of the Western Pacific: Indonesia and Adjacent Waters, Jakarta: Penerbit PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 1992.Google Scholar
- 43.Randall, J.E. and van Egmond, J., Marine fishes from the Seychelles: 108 new records, Zool. Verh. Leiden, 1994, vol. 297, pp. 43–83.Google Scholar
- 44.Hoese, D.F. and Randall, J.E., Revision of the Indo-Pacific Gobiid Fish Genus Stonogobiops, Indo-Pacific Fishes, no. 1, Honolulu, Hawaii: Bernice P. Bishop Museum, 1982, pp. 1–18.Google Scholar
- 50.Pezold, F., Systematics of Gobionellidae, in The Biology of Gobies, Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC, 2011, pp. 87–97.Google Scholar
- 51.Van der Laan, R., Eschmeyer, W.N., and Fricke, R., Eschmeyer’s Catalog of Family Group Names. https://www.calacademy.org/scientists/catalog-of-fishes-family-group-names. Cited July 10, 2018.Google Scholar
- 53.Murdy, E.O., Systematics of Oxudercinae, in The Biology of Gobies, Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC, 2011, pp. 99–106.Google Scholar
- 54.Koumans, F.P., The Fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago, vol. 10: Gobioidea, Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 1953.Google Scholar
- 55.Hoese, D.F. and Winterbottom, R., A new species of Lioteres (Pisces, Gobiidae) from Kwazulu, with a revised checklist of South African gobies and comments on the generic relationships and endemism of Western Indian Ocean gobioids, Life Sci. Occas. Pap., 1979, vol. 31, pp. 1–13.Google Scholar
- 57.Murdy, E.O., Osteology of Istigobius ornatus, Bull. Mar. Sci., 1985, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 124–138.Google Scholar