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Russian Journal of Marine Biology

, Volume 44, Issue 3, pp 192–201 | Cite as

Morphological and Genetic Identification of Pseudo-nitzschia H. Peragallo, 1900 (Bacillariophyta) from the Sea of Japan

  • I. V. Stonik
  • M. P. Isaeva
  • N. A. Aizdaicher
  • E. S. Balakirev
  • F. J. Ayala
Original Papers
  • 19 Downloads

Abstract

A total of 15 Pseudo-nitzschia strains isolated from Russian coastal waters of the Sea of Japan were identified using light and electron microscopy and phylogenetic analysis of ribosomal genes. Pseudo-nitzschia species are known to be potential producers of neurotoxiс domoic acid and cause blooms. Phylogenetic analysis of LSU and ITS1-5,8SrDNA-ITS2 sequences revealed that the examined strains belong to P. calliantha, P. hasleana, P. multistriata, P. pungens var. pungens, and P. delicatissima. P. hasleana is a new record for the Sea of Japan. Some morphological distinctions of the strains of P. calliantha and P. pungens var. pungens from the original descriptions of the species were detected. The ITS1-5,8SrDNA-ITS2 topologies showed that the P. delicatissima clade A is formed from three subclades, including Pacific strains, as well as isolates from Scotland and Spain. The high values of genetic distances between subclades (3.7-5%) and the morphological similarity between strains are indicative of cryptic genetic diversity within the P. delicatissima clade A. Different ITS types, including a possibly recombinant type, occur in the same monoclonal culture of P. multistriata, suggesting the hybridization of the local populations in the studied area.

Keywords

diatoms Pseudo-nitzschia morphology rDNA 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. V. Stonik
    • 1
  • M. P. Isaeva
    • 2
  • N. A. Aizdaicher
    • 1
  • E. S. Balakirev
    • 1
  • F. J. Ayala
    • 3
  1. 1.National Scientific Center of Marine Biology, Far Eastern BranchRussian Academy of SciencesVladivostokRussia
  2. 2.Elyakov Pacific Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Far Eastern BranchRussian Academy of SciencesVladivostokRussia
  3. 3.Department of Ecology and Evolutionary BiologyUniversity of CaliforniaCaliforniaUnited States

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