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Russian Journal of Marine Biology

, Volume 42, Issue 2, pp 166–177 | Cite as

The qualitative composition of carotenoids and their seasonal dynamics in tissues of the bivalve Anadara kagoshimensis (Tokunaga, 1906)

  • A. V. Borodina
  • A. A. Soldatov
Ecological Biochemistry
  • 45 Downloads

Abstract

A total of six carotenoids, viz., β-carotene, pectenol A, pectenolone (trans- and cis-isomers), zeaxanthin, diatoxanthin, and alloxanthin, as well as esters of alloand diatoxanthin, have been detected in total carotenoid extracts from the tissues of the bivalve Anadara kagoshimensis (Tokunaga, 1906) using the methods of thin-layer chromatography, high-performance liquid chromatography, mass spectrometry, UV-VIS spectroscopy, and characteristic reactions for the identification of chemical groups. The major group (over 90% of the total carotenoids) is comprised of alloxanthin, pectenolone, and allo- and diatoxanthin esters. Tissues of A. kagoshimensis are typically characterized by cyclic variations in the level of carotenoids over the period from winter to summer, with the maxima in February and June and the minimum in April. The largest contribution to the seasonal carotenoid dynamics is made by the major group of pigments (R 2 = 0.75–0.99), which depends on the pattern of succession of diatomic microalgae during the annual cycle. The pathways of metabolic transformation of the carotenoids in tissues of this bivalve are discussed.

Keywords

carotenoids bivalves Anadara kagoshimensis seasonal dynamics of carotenoids 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kovalevsky Institute of Marine Biological ResearchRussian Academy of SciencesSevastopolRussia

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