Metal binding activity of pectin isolated from seagrass Zostera marina and its derivatives
Low esterified pectin was isolated from the seagrass Zostera marina. Dynamics of the isolation process for the pectin from this seagrass was investigated. Two pectin derivatives: galacturonide (A) with molecular weight 30.55 kDa and galacturonide (B) with molecular weight 3.94 kDa were obtained using acidic hydrolysis of the native pectin from Zostera marina. Molecular weight parameters (Mw, Mn, Mw/Mn) of this pectin and its derivatives as well as of commercial apple pectin were determined using gel-filtration chromatography method. Comparative assessment of Cd2+, Pb2+, Y3+-binding activity of the native Zostera pectin, galacturonides A and B, and commercial apple pectin was performed. The results showed that galacturonide A with molecular weight 30.55 kDa possesses highest metal-binding capacity and may be considered as a candidate for development of medicines with metal-binding activity.
Keywordspectin Zostera marina molecular mass distribution metal-binding activity cadmium lead yttrium
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