Advertisement

Russian Journal of Marine Biology

, Volume 39, Issue 6, pp 413–419 | Cite as

Changes in the species composition of benthic macroalgal communities of the upper subtidal zone on a coral reef in Sanya Bay (Hainan Island, China) during 2009–2012

  • E. A. TitlyanovEmail author
  • T. V. Titlyanova
Algology

Abstract

Investigations of macroalgae were carried out on a coral reef at the Luhuitou Peninsula in Sanya Bay (Hainan Island, China) in the upper subtidal zone at a depth of 0.5 to 4 m during the dry season (in April 2009 and 2012). In total, 130 species, varieties, and forms of marine macroalgae were found: 71 (54%) Rhodophyta, 33 (25%) Chlorophyta, and 26 (21%) Phaeophyceae. In terms of the number of species and the floristic composition of algae in the communities, the reef benthic flora in the subtidal zone of Sanya Bay, which is polluted by municipal waste waters and aquaculture wastes, was close to the flora of Indo-Pacific coral reefs situated in areas with low pollution. In 2009 and 2012, the algal turf communities differed both in the algal species diversity and in the composition of dominant species. These differences might be due to an annual periodicity of changes in vegetation: algal turf patches are detached from the hard substrate and a new algal community is formed at this location.

Keywords

macroalgae subtidal algal turf community South China Sea Hainan pollution long-term changes in flora 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Guryanova, E.F., Marine zoological expedition to Hainan Island, Vestn. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1959, no. 3, pp. 89–92.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Guiry, M.D. and Guiry, G.M., AlgaeBase. World-Wide Electronic Publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org. Accessed on June, 2012.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Huisman, J.M. and Borowitzka, M.A., Marine benthic flora of the Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia, Proc. 11th Int. Mar. Biol. WorkshopThe Marine Flora and Fauna of Dampier, Western Australia”, 2003, vol. 2, pp. 291–344.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hutchings, P.A. and Wu, B.L., Coral reefs of Hainan Island, South China Sea, Mar. Pollut. Bull., 1987, vol. 18, pp. 25–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lewis, J.E. and Norris, J.N., A history and annotated account of the benthic marine algae of Taiwan, Smithson. Contrib. Mar. Sci., 1987, vol. 29, pp. 1–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Li, X.B., Identification of major factors influencing the composition, spatial and temporal variation of scleractinian coral community in Sanya, China, Doctoral Dissertation, Beijing: Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2011.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Liu, L., Checklist of Marine Biota of China Sea, Beijing: Sci. Book Service, 2008.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W., and Moe, R.L., Catalog of the benthic marine algae of the Philippines, Smithson. Contrib. Mar. Sci., 1987, vol. 27, pp. 1–179.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Tadashi, K., Dai, C.F., Park, H.S., et al., Status of coral reefs in East and North Asia (China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, South Korea and Japan), Status of Coral Reefs of the World, Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network, Townsville, Australia, 2008, pp. 145–158.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Titlyanov, E.A., Kiyashko, S.I., Titlyanova, T.V., et al., Nitrogen sources to macroalgal growth in Sanya Bay (Hainan Island, China), Curr. Dev. Oceanogr., 2011, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 65–84.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Titlyanov, E.A., Titlyanova, T.V., Xia, B.M., and Bartsch, I., Checklist of marine benthic green algae (Chlorophyta) on Hainan, a subtropical island off the coast of China: comparisons between the 1930s and 1990–2009 reveal environmental changes, Bot. Mar., 2011, vol. 54, pp. 523–535.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Titlyanov, E.A., Titlyanova, T.V., Yakovleva, I.M., et al., Regeneration of artificial injuries on scleractinian corals and coral/algal competition for newly formed substrate, J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., 2005, vol. 323, pp. 27–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Tsuda, R.T., Checklist and bibliography of the marine benthic algae within Chuuk, Pohnpei, and Kosrae States, Federated States of Micronesia, Pac. Biol. Surv. Bishop Museum, 2006.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Zhang, G., Que, H., Liu, X., and Xu, H., Abalone mariculture in China, J. Shellfish Res., 2004, vol. 23, pp. 947–950.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Zhang, Q., Shi, Q., Chen, G., et al., Status monitoring and health assessment of Luhuitou fringing reef of Sanya, Hainan, China, Chin. Sci. Bull., 2006, vol. 51, pp. 81–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zhang, Q., Xu, X.Z., and Long, X.M., A numerical study on internal tides in the northeast of the South China Sea, J. Trop. Oceanol., 1996, vol. 14, pp. 15–23.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Zhang, S., The species distribution of the seaweeds in the coast of China seas, Chin. Biodivers., 1996, vol. 4, pp. 139–144.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, Far East BranchRussian Academy of SciencesVladivostokRussia

Personalised recommendations