Russian Journal of Marine Biology

, Volume 37, Issue 3, pp 209–216 | Cite as

Germinal granules in archaeocytes of the sponge Oscarella malakhovi Ereskovsky, 2006

  • V. V. Isaeva
  • A. V. Akhmadiev
Cell Biology, Invertebrate Zoology


The morphology of archaeocytes, sponge stem cells, was studied in Oscarella malakhovi during asexual reproduction (budding) using light and electron microscopy. Electron-dense germinal granules, which are ultrastructural markers and key organelles of metazoan germline cells and potentially gametogenic stem cells of asexually reproducing invertebrates, were found in the perinuclear cytoplasm of the sponge archaeocyte for the first time. Common features of the morphological and functional organization of the “primary” stem cells in asexually reproducing invertebrates and the germline cells in Metazoa are discussed.


Porifera archaeocytes germinal granules germ plasm stem cells germ cell line 


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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Marine Biology, Far East BranchRussian Academy of SciencesVladivostokRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Ecology and EvolutionRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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