Russian Journal of Developmental Biology

, Volume 44, Issue 5, pp 221–231 | Cite as

Origin of arthropods and of the clades of Ecdysozoa

  • O. M. Ivanova-Kazas


The problem of the origin of the phylum Arthropoda was long considered solved based on evolutionary morphology data. But molecular biological studies of recent years have put forward a new solution that contradicts the old one. Hence, the need arises to review the argumentation of both sides and search for ways to reach a consensus. These two subjects constitute the scope of this paper.


Arthropoda Annelida molecular biology evolutionary morphology shift from ciliary to muscular movement 


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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EmbryologySt. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia

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