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Biology Bulletin

, Volume 45, Issue 5, pp 448–453 | Cite as

Reproductive Biology of Asarum sieboldii Miq.

  • S. V. NesterovaEmail author
  • O. V. Nakonechnaya
Botany
  • 25 Downloads

Abstract

The seasonal developmental rhythm, floral and fruit morphology, anthesis, and fructification of Asarum sieboldii were studied in a natural plant community in the southern part of the Russian Far East. The flower structure was investigated in ditails. It was found that the flower does not have a gynostemium. The flowers are protogynous. At the first anthesis stage, the anthers are closed and cross-pollination may be realized by ants (Hymenoptera) or flies (Dolichopodidae, Diptera). At the second stage of anthesis, there is direct contact of anthers with the pistil stigma and self-pollination occurs. The perianth is involved in the formation of fruit. The fruit is a six-locular, fleshy, half-inferior capsule. Asarum sieboldii has a high productivity of fruits and seeds. The fruit set is 89% after self-pollination. Viable seeds per fruit is 29 ± 2, the seed set is 69 ± 5%. The agents of seed dissemination are ants: Leptothorax acervorum and Myrmica ruginodis (Formicidae, Hymenoptera).

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Botanical Garden Institute, Far East BranchRussian Academy of SciencesVladivostokRussia
  2. 2.Federal Science Center of Eastern Asia Terrestrial Biodiversity, Far East BranchRussian Academy of SciencesVladivostokRussia

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