Biology Bulletin

, Volume 44, Issue 8, pp 960–979 | Cite as

Estimation of the Spatial and Habitat Distribution of Anseriformes in the Yamal-Nenets and Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Regions (Experience from the Use of Ultralight Aircrafts)

  • S. B. Rozenfeld
  • M. Yu. Soloviev
  • G. V. Kirtaev
  • N. V. Rogova
  • M. N. Ivanov


In Russia, the conservation of anseriformes is possible through the creation of temporary huntingfree zones during hunting season, especially in spring. A justification for creating such zones and outlining their boundaries (by analogy with the experience derived from the countries on North America) each season must be based on data on annual waterfowl monitoring. The present paper describes census experience drawn from the use of ultralight aviation for further delineating the key staging sites of waterfowl in western Siberia. To refine the duration of monitoring, observation data were combined with those derived from geese equipped with GSM-GPS transmitters. In the spring and autumn of 2012–2014, we covered over 50000 km of aerial surveys of 25 waterfowl species. A new method is advanced for assessing their numbers based on visual observations, flock photography, and modern statistics. We estimated the species densities in 16 habitat types delineated on the basis of Landsat imagery. In terms of this, a system is proposed for extrapolating the survey data on 25 waterfowl species onto model sites in western Siberia. Drops in the numbers of several mass game species were noted. Based on an evaluation of the habitat quality, ten waterfowl hunting-free zones were suggested and delineated. A GIS project was launched that incorporated the main migration routes, boundaries of the key sites, places of mass bird aggregations, and sites for the observation of rare, Red Data Book. A program of long-term monitoring and sustainable use of waterfowl in the study region is offered. Such an approach must also be applied to other regions of Russia.


anseriformes waterfowl conservation bird migration monitoring aerial counts 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Baldassarre, G.A. and Bolden, E.G., Waterfowl Ecology and Management, 2nd ed., Malabar, Florida: Krieger Publishing company, 2006.Google Scholar
  2. Bowman, T.D., Aerial Observer’s Guide to North American Waterfowl, Anchorage, Alaska: US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2014.Google Scholar
  3. Feige, N., van der Jeugd, H.P., van der Graaf, A.J., Larsson, K., Leito, A., and Stahl, J., Newly established breeding sites of the barnacle goose Branta leucopsis in North-Western Europe—an overview of breeding habitats and colony development, Vogelwelt, 2007, vol. 129, pp. 244–252.Google Scholar
  4. Golovatin, M.G. and Paskhal’nyi, S.P., Spring migration of Bewick’s swan (Cygnus bewickii) in the Lower Ob region, Casarca, 1997, no. 3, pp. 286–298.Google Scholar
  5. Golovnyuk, V.V., Popovkina, A.B., and Solov’ev, M.Yu., The first case of barnacle geese nesting on the Taimyr, Casarca, 2015, no. 18, pp. 25–30.Google Scholar
  6. Kerbes, R.H., Meeres, K.M., and Alisauskas, R.T., Surveys of Nesting Lesser Snow Geese and Ross’s Geese in Arctic Canada, 2002–2009, Arctic Goose Joint Venture Special Publication, U.S. Fish and Wildlife service, Washington D.C. and Canadian Wildlife Service, Ottawa, Ontario, 2009.Google Scholar
  7. Krivenko, V.G. and Vinogradov, V.G., Ptitsy vodnoi sredy i ritmy klimata Severnoi Evrazii (Birds of the Aquatic Environment and Climate Rhythms of Northern Eurasia), Moscow: Nauka, 2008.Google Scholar
  8. Landshaftnaya karta SSSR, masshtab 1: 2500000 (Landscape Map of the USSR, Scale 1: 2500000), Gudilin, I.S., Editor-in-Chief, Moscow: Ministerstvo geologii SSSR, 1980.Google Scholar
  9. Legenda k landshaftnoi karte SSSR masshtaba 1: 2500000 (Legend to the Landscape Map of the USSR, Scale 1: 2500000), Gudilin, I.S., Editor-in-Chief, Moscow: Ministerstvo geologii SSSR, 1987.Google Scholar
  10. Litvin, K.E., New data on the migration of geese nesting in Russia. Overview of remote tracking results, Casarca, 2014, no. 17, pp. 13–46.Google Scholar
  11. Marjakangas, A., Alhainen, M., Fox, A.D., Heinicke, T., Madsen, J., Nilsson, L., and Rozenfeld, S., International Single Species Action Plan for the Conservation of the Taiga Bean Goose Anser fabalis fabalis, AEWA Technical Series No. XX, Bonn, Germany, 2015.Google Scholar
  12. Miller, D.L., Burt, M.L., Rexstad, E.A., and Thomas, L., Spatial models for distance sampling data: recent developments and future directions, Methods Ecol. Evol., 2013, vol. 4, pp. 1001–1010. doi 10.1111/2041-210X.12105 (Open Access, available at Scholar
  13. Miller, D.L., Rexstad, E.A., Burt, M.L., Bravington, M.V., and Hedley, S.L., DSM: Density surface modelling of distance sampling data, 2013a. Morozov, V.V., Where do Bewick’s swans winter?, Casarca, 1996, no. 2, pp. 237–243.Google Scholar
  14. Platte, R.M., Standard Operating Procedure for Aerial Waterfowl Breeding Ground Populations and Habitat Surveys in North America, U.S. Fish and Wildlife service, Washington D.C. and Canadian Wildlife Service, Ottawa, Ontario, 1987.Google Scholar
  15. Poyarkov, N.D. and Khodzhes, Dzh., Eldridzh, V., Atlas raspredeleniya ptits v primorskikh tundrakh Severo-vostoka Azii (po materialam aviauchetov 1993–1995 godov) (Atlas of the Distribution of Birds in the Coastal Tundra of Northeast Asia (Based on Aerial Surveys 1993–1995)), Moscow: Izd. Tsentra okhrany dikoi prirody, 2000.Google Scholar
  16. R Core Team 2015, R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing, R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria, 2015. Scholar
  17. Rozenfeld, S., UNEP/AEWA Small-Scale Funding Agreement (2012-8) “Conservation Activities for the Lesser White-Fronted Goose in the Ob Valley” and “Monitoring of Lesser White-fronted Geese and Regulation of Hunting in the Volgograd District,” Final Report, UNEP AEWA Technical series, Bonn, 2013.Google Scholar
  18. Rozenfeld, S., UNEP/AEWA Small-Scale Funding Agreement (2014-9) “Monitoring and Lessening the Threat from Hunting to Lesser White-Fronted Goose in Yamalo-Nenetsky Autonomous Okrug, Russian Federation, Final Report,” UNEP AEWA, Technical series XXI, Bonn, 2014.Google Scholar
  19. Rozenfeld, S.B., Otchet o rezul’tatakh nauchno-issledovatel’skoi raboty po teme “Issledovanie sostoyaniya populyatsii vodoplavayushchikh ptits v Priural’skom, Shuryshkarskom, Purovskom, Nadymskom i Krasnosel’kupskom raionakh YaNAO s primeneniem ucheta chislennosti ptits”, vypolnennoi v sootvetstvii s trebovaniyami gosudarstvennogo kontrakta №16–14 ot 25 iyunya 2014 g. (itogovyi) (Report on the Results of Research on the Subject “Study of the Status of Waterfowl Populations in Priuralskii, Shuryshkarskii, Purovskii, Nadymskii, and Krasnoselkupskii Districts of the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Area with the Use of Bird Census,” Implemented in Accordance with the Requirements of the State Contract No. 16-14 of June 25, 2014 (Final)), Moscow, 2014a.Google Scholar
  20. Rozenfeld, S. and Strelnikov, E., Survey of Lesser White-Fronted Goose Anser Erythropus in Lower Ob River, Russia in Autumn 2010, NOF-report 2011-3, 2011.Google Scholar
  21. Rozenfeld, S.B. and Vangeluwe, D., Ecology and conservation of the red-breasted goose (Branta ruficollis Pallas, 1769; Anatidae, Aves): application of new methods for the study of migrations, Povolzh. Ekol. Zh., 2014, no. 4, pp. 581–589.Google Scholar
  22. Rozenfeld, S.B., Kirtaev, G.V., Shoffen’el’, M., and Vangeluwe, D., Red-breasted and lesser white-fronted geese in the South Yamal, Casarca, 2014, no. 17, pp. 46–57.Google Scholar
  23. Syroechkovskii, E.E., New data on the breeding distribution of barnacle geese in Russia, Casarca, 1995, no. 1, pp. 39–47.Google Scholar
  24. Vangeluwe, D., Rozenfeld, S.B., Dmitriev, A.E., and Bulteau, V., Preliminary results from GPS remote tracking of Red-breasted Geese (Branta ruficollis) from Gydan Peninsula (Russia) breeding grounds, Casarca, 2012, vol. 2, no. 15, pp. 64–69.Google Scholar
  25. Volkov, S.V. and Timoshenko, A.Yu., Records of barnacle geese outside the main flyway—occasional vagrants or a regular phenomenon?, Casarca, 2015, no. 18, pp. 30–38.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. B. Rozenfeld
    • 1
  • M. Yu. Soloviev
    • 2
  • G. V. Kirtaev
    • 3
  • N. V. Rogova
    • 4
  • M. N. Ivanov
    • 5
  1. 1.Severtsov Institute of Ecology and EvolutionRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Department of BiologyMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Goose, Swan, and Duck Study Group of Northern EurasiaMoscowRussia
  4. 4.Noncommercial partnership Prozratchny mirMoscowRussia
  5. 5.Timiryazev State Biological MuseumMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations