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Biology Bulletin

, Volume 44, Issue 8, pp 960–979 | Cite as

Estimation of the Spatial and Habitat Distribution of Anseriformes in the Yamal-Nenets and Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Regions (Experience from the Use of Ultralight Aircrafts)

  • S. B. Rozenfeld
  • M. Yu. Soloviev
  • G. V. Kirtaev
  • N. V. Rogova
  • M. N. Ivanov
Article
  • 11 Downloads

Abstract

In Russia, the conservation of anseriformes is possible through the creation of temporary huntingfree zones during hunting season, especially in spring. A justification for creating such zones and outlining their boundaries (by analogy with the experience derived from the countries on North America) each season must be based on data on annual waterfowl monitoring. The present paper describes census experience drawn from the use of ultralight aviation for further delineating the key staging sites of waterfowl in western Siberia. To refine the duration of monitoring, observation data were combined with those derived from geese equipped with GSM-GPS transmitters. In the spring and autumn of 2012–2014, we covered over 50000 km of aerial surveys of 25 waterfowl species. A new method is advanced for assessing their numbers based on visual observations, flock photography, and modern statistics. We estimated the species densities in 16 habitat types delineated on the basis of Landsat imagery. In terms of this, a system is proposed for extrapolating the survey data on 25 waterfowl species onto model sites in western Siberia. Drops in the numbers of several mass game species were noted. Based on an evaluation of the habitat quality, ten waterfowl hunting-free zones were suggested and delineated. A GIS project was launched that incorporated the main migration routes, boundaries of the key sites, places of mass bird aggregations, and sites for the observation of rare, Red Data Book. A program of long-term monitoring and sustainable use of waterfowl in the study region is offered. Such an approach must also be applied to other regions of Russia.

Keywords

anseriformes waterfowl conservation bird migration monitoring aerial counts 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. B. Rozenfeld
    • 1
  • M. Yu. Soloviev
    • 2
  • G. V. Kirtaev
    • 3
  • N. V. Rogova
    • 4
  • M. N. Ivanov
    • 5
  1. 1.Severtsov Institute of Ecology and EvolutionRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Department of BiologyMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Goose, Swan, and Duck Study Group of Northern EurasiaMoscowRussia
  4. 4.Noncommercial partnership Prozratchny mirMoscowRussia
  5. 5.Timiryazev State Biological MuseumMoscowRussia

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