Advertisement

Biology Bulletin

, Volume 44, Issue 8, pp 852–859 | Cite as

Brent Geese (Branta bernicla) Breeding Associations with Pomarine Skuas (Stercorarius pomarinus) on the Mainland Tundra

  • S. P. Kharitonov
  • R. H. G. Klaassen
  • D. J. Nowak
  • A. I. Nowak
  • D. V. Osipov
  • O. V. Natalskaya
Article
  • 11 Downloads

Abstract

This article is based on data that were collected in the years 2000−2007, 2012, and 2014 in the vicinities of Medusa Bay (73°21′ N, 80°32′ E) and in 2002 at the mouth of the Uboynaya River (73°37′ N, 82°10′ E), in the northwestern part of the Taimyr Peninsula. In years when the abundance of lemmings is high, brent geese may breed not only near nests of snowy owls and rough-legged buzzards, but also sparsely in the mainland tundra, often without any protection. Some such nests are successfully incubated until hatching. A considerable part of these dispersed nests appears to be associated with a nest or territory of pomarine skuas that are able to scare away the main tundra predator, the arctic fox, to a distance of about 500 m from their nests. Brent geese that breed within this distance to theses nests gain additional protection against arctic foxes. However, brent geese do not display a tendency to place their nests closer to pomarine skua nests. The mean distance from geese nests to pomarine skua nests or centers of their territories comprised 2/3 of the mean distance between nests of pomarine skuas and turned out to be quite stable over the years and in two different tundra areas.

Keywords

brent goose pomarine skua tundra 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Chukhareva, I.P. and Kharitonov, S.P., On the spatial structure of polyspecific colonies formed by larids in the water bodies of the Southern Trans-Urals, Povolzh. Ekol. Zh., 2009, no. 3, pp. 238–248.Google Scholar
  2. Ebbinge, B.S. and Spaans, B., How do Brent Geese (Branta b. bernicla) cope with evil? Complex relationships between predators and prey, J. Ornithol., 2002, vol. 143, p. 33–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Kharitonov, S.P., Computer program “Colony Map,” 1999 (executable file colonmap.exe).Google Scholar
  4. Kharitonov, S.P., Spatial and ethological structure of colonial waterbirds, Doctorate (Biol.) Dissertation, Moscow: IPEE RAN, 2006.Google Scholar
  5. Kharitonov, S.P., Study of the spatial distribution of nests in colony, in Metody i teoreticheskie aspekty issledovanii morskikh ptits. Materialy V Vseros. shkoly po morskoi biologii (25–27 oktyabrya 2006 g., g. Rostov-na-Donu) (Methods and Theoretical Aspects of Seabird Research, Proc. V All-Russia School of Marine Biology (October 25–27, 2006, Rostov-on-Don)), Rostov-on-Don: Izd. YuNTs RAN, 2007, pp. 83–104.Google Scholar
  6. Kharitonov, S.P., Schekkerman, H., Tulp, I., Bublichenko, A.G., Klaassen, R.H.G., et al., Ornithological monitoring of Medusa Bay vicinities, Bol’shoi Arkticheskii Nature Reserve, Dickson district, Taimyr Autonomous Okrug, 2000–2002, in Materialy mezhdunarodnoi nauchnoprakticheskoi konferentsii “Biologicheskie resursy i perspektivy ikh ispol’zovaniya”. Dudinka, 5–8 avgusta 2003 (Proc. Int. Sci.-Pract. Conf. “Biological Resources and Prospects of Their Use,” Dudinka, August 5–8, 2003), St. Petersburg: NPF Asterion, 2003, pp. 101–102.Google Scholar
  7. Kharitonov, S.P., Volkov, A.E., Willems, F., van Kleef, H., Klaassen, R.H.G., et al., Brant goose colonies near snowy owls: internest distances in relation to abundance of lemmings and arctic foxes, Biol. Bull. (Moscow), 2008, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 270–278.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kharitonov, S.P, Ivanenko, N.Yu., Chukhareva, I.P., and Anisimov, Yu.A., The use of a GPS navigator for mapping bird colonies: methodical test, Povolzh. Ekol. Zh, 2011, no. 1, pp. 59–69.Google Scholar
  9. Kharitonov, S.P., Ebbinge, B.S., and de Fouw, J., Brent Goose Colonies near Snowy Owls: Internest Distances in Relation to Breeding Arctic Fox Densities, Biol. Bull. (Moscow), 2013, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 45–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kharitonov, S.P., Nowak, D.J., Nowak, A.I., Egorova, N.A., Korkina, S.A., et al., The spatial structure of the brent (Branta bernicla) and red-breasted (Branta ruficollis) geese (Anseriformes, Anatidae) breeding settlements on Taimyr Peninsula: single-species colonies and associations with large gulls, Biol. Bull. (Moscow), 2016, vol. 43, no. 9, pp. 1225–1238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Khomenko, S., Rosenfeld, S., and Dyluk, S., Birds of Medusa Bay, NW Taimyr, in 1997, in Results of a Russian-Ukranian Expedition. WIWO-Report-66, Zeist.: WIWO, 1999, pp. 1–48.Google Scholar
  12. Klaassen, R.H.G. and Cottaar, F., The Relationship between Breeding Goose and Wader Species, Lemming Density and Predator Abundance at the Uboynaya River, Taimyr Peninsula, Russia. Preliminary Expedition Report, Wageningen: Institute Alterra, Green World Research, 2002, pp. 1–9.Google Scholar
  13. Lakin, G.F., Biometriya (Biometry), Moscow: Vysshaya shkola, 1990.Google Scholar
  14. Litvin, K.E. and Ovsyanikov, N.G., The dependence of breeding and abundance of snowy owls and foxes on the abundance of lemmings on Wrangel Island, Zool. Zh., 1990, vol. 69, no. 4, pp. 52–64.Google Scholar
  15. Syroechkovskii, E.E., Jr., Black-breasted goose (Branta bernicla) in Russia: ecology, distribution, problems of conservation, and sustainable use, Cand. Sci. (Biol.) Dissertation, Moscow: IPEE RAN, 1999.Google Scholar
  16. Syroechkovskii, E.V., Puti adaptatsii guseobraznykh triby Anserini k obitaniyu v Arktike (Ways of Adaptation of Waterfowl of the Tribe Anserini to Life in the Arctic), Moscow: Tovar. Nauch. Izd. KMK, 2013.Google Scholar
  17. Tulp, I., Bruinzeel, L., Jukema, J., and Stepanova, O., Breeding Waders at Medusa Bay, Western Taimyr, in 1996. WIWO-Report 57, Zeist: WIWO, 1997.Google Scholar
  18. Willems, F., Turnhout, C., Kleef, H., and Felix, R., Breeding Birds of Medusa Bay, Taimyr, Russia, in Methods for Biological Monitoring in the Arctic, with Results of 1998 and 1999, WIWO-Report 77, Zeist: WIWO, 2002.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. P. Kharitonov
    • 1
    • 2
  • R. H. G. Klaassen
    • 3
  • D. J. Nowak
    • 4
  • A. I. Nowak
    • 4
  • D. V. Osipov
    • 5
  • O. V. Natalskaya
    • 6
  1. 1.Bird Ringing Center of Russia, Severtsov Institute of Ecology and EvolutionRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Joint Directorate of Taimyr Nature ReservesNorilskRussia
  3. 3.Foundation Working Group International Waterbird and Wetland Research (WIWO)AX ZeistThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Magurski National ParkKrempnaPoland
  5. 5.Zoological MuseumMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  6. 6.Forest Protection Center of Ryazan oblastRyazanRussia

Personalised recommendations