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Biology Bulletin

, Volume 40, Issue 2, pp 221–231 | Cite as

Results of testing the comparatory method: The curvature of the shell valve frontal section is inappropriate as a systematic character for the freshwater pearl mussel of the genus Margaritifera

  • I. N. Bolotov
  • A. A. Makhrov
  • Yu. V. Bespalaya
  • I. V. Vikhrev
  • O. V. Aksenova
  • P. E. Aspholm
  • M. Yu. Gofarov
  • A. N. Ostrovskii
  • I. Yu. Popov
  • I. S. Pal’tser
  • M. Rudzite
  • M. Rudzitis
  • I. S. Voroshilova
  • S. E. Sokolova
Discussion

Abstract

This paper continues a discussion on the number of pearl mussel species of the genus Margaritifera in northern Europe. A biometric study of 1711 pearl mussel Margaritifera margaritifera shells from 15 rivers in Russia and Latvia (basins of the White and Baltic seas) has been conducted. All the examined samples fall into two groups: the northern group (with the shells more flattened on average, f. margaritifera) and the southern one (with more convex shells, f. elongata); the boundary between these groups is at 63° N. Analysis of intrapopulation variation has shown that the samples contain individuals that correspond to f. margaritifera, f. elongata, and f. borealis. However, any hiatus between these forms is absent in all the samples, and individuals belonging to two intermediate forms are rather frequent. The hypothesis on the species specificity of the shell valve frontal section has not been confirmed based on examination of large shell samples. The pearl mussels inhabiting rivers of Northern Europe belong to a single species, M. margaritifera.

Keywords

Comparatory Method Biology Bulletin Brown Trout Pearl Mussel Logarithmic Spiral 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. N. Bolotov
    • 1
  • A. A. Makhrov
    • 2
  • Yu. V. Bespalaya
    • 1
  • I. V. Vikhrev
    • 1
  • O. V. Aksenova
    • 1
  • P. E. Aspholm
    • 3
  • M. Yu. Gofarov
    • 1
  • A. N. Ostrovskii
    • 4
  • I. Yu. Popov
    • 4
  • I. S. Pal’tser
    • 1
  • M. Rudzite
    • 5
  • M. Rudzitis
    • 5
  • I. S. Voroshilova
    • 6
  • S. E. Sokolova
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Ecological Problems of the North, Ural BranchRussian Academy of SciencesArkhangelskRussia
  2. 2.Severtsov Institute of Ecology and EvolutionRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research (Bioforsk)SvanhovdSvanvik, Norway
  4. 4.St. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia
  5. 5.Latvian UniversityRigaLatvia
  6. 6.Papanin Institute of the Biology of Inland WatersRussian Academy of SciencesBorok, Nekouz raion, Yaroslavl oblastRussia

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