Biology Bulletin

, Volume 39, Issue 2, pp 172–185 | Cite as

Morphogenetic foundations for increased evolutionary complexity in the organization of thecate hydroids shoots (Cnidaria, Hydroidomedusa, Leptomedusae)

Conference Materials


The morphogenetic approach is applied to analyze the diversity of spatial organization of shoots in thecate hydroids (Cnidaria, Hydroidomedusa, Leptomedusae). The main tendencies and constraints of increased evolutionary complexity in thecate hydroids colonies are uncovered.


Biology Bulletin Lateral Branch Hydroid Shoot Axis Growth Pulsation 


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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of BiologyMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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