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Biology Bulletin

, Volume 37, Issue 8, pp 823–835 | Cite as

Behavior of crested auklets (Aethia cristatella, Charadriiformes, Alcidae) in the breeding season: Visual and acoustic displays

  • V. A. Zubakin
  • I. A. Volodin
  • A. V. Klenova
  • E. V. Zubakina
  • E. V. Volodina
  • E. N. Lapshina
Article

Abstract

The crested auklet, a highly social planktivorous bird species of the Northern Pacific, is an important component of marine ecosystems. Although visual and acoustic modalities play a major role in the communication of these birds, the available data on the repertoire of their vocal signals and postures are scarce and lack quantitative analysis. This study deals with visual and acoustic displays of crested auklets on their breeding grounds and the occurrence frequencies of certain forms of social behavior in male and female birds. The data were collected on Talan Island (the Sea of Okhotsk) in 1987–1991 and 2008. They show that the rate of contacts between birds is very high and sex-specific: on average, males initiate 1.13 contacts/min, compared to 0.65 contacts/min initiated by females. Directionality of ruff-sniff displays differs depending on the posture of the recipient bird. The duration of the trumpeting display in males depends on their social surroundings. However, the duration of either the trumpeting display or the mutual cackling display during courtship is independent of the behavioral context. Vocalization of crested auklets is characterized by two independent basic frequencies occurring either sequentially or simultaneously. The role of different communicative modalities in the behavior of the crested auklet is discussed.

Keywords

Biology Bulletin Talan White Test Threat Posture High Frequency Sound 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. A. Zubakin
    • 1
    • 2
  • I. A. Volodin
    • 3
    • 4
  • A. V. Klenova
    • 3
  • E. V. Zubakina
    • 2
  • E. V. Volodina
    • 4
  • E. N. Lapshina
    • 3
  1. 1.Severtsov Institute of Ecology and EvolutionRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Russian Bird Conservation UnionMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Biological FacultyMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  4. 4.Moscow ZooMoscowRussia

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