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Journal of Analytical Chemistry

, Volume 73, Issue 12, pp 1137–1145 | Cite as

Analytical Aspects of the Determination of the Total Concentration and Differentiation of Anthropogenic and Biogenic Hydrocarbons in Aquatic Ecosystems

  • Z. A. TemerdashevEmail author
  • L. F. Pavlenko
  • I. G. Korpakova
  • Ya. S. Ermakova
ARTICLES
  • 51 Downloads

Abstract

Problems of determining the total concentration of anthropogenic and biogenic hydrocarbons in aquatic ecosystems are discussed. Hydrocarbons accumulating in water samples and bottom sediments are different in composition. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, resistant to degradation, are concentrated in bottom sediments; their amount in the aquatic environment is insignificant. It is shown that the level of oil pollution can be adequately assessed only taking into account the biogenic (natural) hydrocarbon background of water and bottom sediments of the investigated objects. A unified pattern for the analysis of water and bottom sediments for assessing the level of oil contamination of aquatic ecosystems taking into account the transformation of oil components and the origin of hydrocarbons of different genesis is proposed. A possibility of the differentiation of petroleum and biogenic hydrocarbons in aquatic ecosystems by the concentration of chlorophyll in them is substantiated.

Keywords:

water ecosystems hydrocarbon pollution analysis pattern differentiation of petroleum and biogenic hydrocarbons 

Notes

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project no. 16-43-230302, and the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, project no. 4.2612.2017/PCh; experiments were carried out with the use of scientific equipment of the Ecological and Analytical Center of the Kuban State University, the unique identifier RFMEFI59317X0008.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Z. A. Temerdashev
    • 1
    Email author
  • L. F. Pavlenko
    • 2
  • I. G. Korpakova
    • 1
  • Ya. S. Ermakova
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and High Technology, Kuban State UniversityKrasnodarRussia
  2. 2.Azov Research Institute of FisheriesRostov-on-DonRussia

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