Laser Physics

, Volume 22, Issue 1, pp 195–202 | Cite as

Intensity clamping during laser filamentation by TW level femtosecond laser in air and argon

  • S. Xu
  • J. Bernhardt
  • M. Sharifi
  • W. Liu
  • S. L. Chin
Ultrafast Optics and Strong Field Physics

Abstract

A systematic research on intensity clamping phenomenon was conducted both in air and argon by using a TW level femtosecond laser. Though the laser peak power was increased from 0.1 up to 1.5 TW in the experiment, highly stabilized peak intensity inside the filament was observed in both gases. The peak intensities inside filaments were experimentally determined to be about 6.4 × 1013 W/cm2 (f = 20 cm) in air and 1.2, 1.3, and 1.7 × 1014 W/cm2 when different focal lenses (f = 100, 60, and 20 cm) were used in argon, respectively.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, Can. J. Phys. 83, 863 (2005).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rep. 441, 47 (2007).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    L. Bergé, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1633 (2007).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. Kasparian and J. P. Wolf, Opt. Express. 16, 466 (2008).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    P. Rairoux, H. Schillinger, S. Niedermeier, M. Rodriguez, F. Ronneberger, R. Sauerbrey, B. Stein, D. Waite, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, L. Wöste, and C. Ziener, Appl. Phys. B 71, 573 (2000).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, Science 301, 61 (2003).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    J. F. Gravel, Q. Luo, D. Boudreau, X. P. Tang, and S. L. Chin, Anal. Chem. 76, 4799 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Q. Luo, H. L. Xu, S. A. Hosseini, J. F. Daigle, F. Théberge, M. Sharifi, and S. L. Chin, Appl. Phys. B 82, 105 (2006).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    H. L. Xu, J. F. Daigle, Q. Luo, and S. L. Chin, Appl. Phys. B 82, 655 (2006).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    H. L. Xu, Y. Kamali, C. Marceau, P. T. Simard, W. Liu, J. Bernhardt, G. Méjean, P. Mathieu, G. Roy, J. R. Simard, and S. L. Chin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 101106 (2007).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    X. M. Zhao, J. C. Diels, C. Y. Wang, and J. M. Elizondo, IEEE J. Quantum. Elect. 31, 599 (1995).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    S. L. Chin and K. Miyazaki, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 2011 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    H. Schillinger and R. Sauerbrey, Appl. Phys. B 68, 753 (1999).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    H. Pépin, D. Comtois, F. Vidal, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, B. L. Fontaine, F. Martin, F. A. M. Rizk, C. Potvin, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, P. Lalande, and I. Gallimberti, Phys. Plasmas 8, 2532 (2001).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. P. Wolf, Opt. Lett. 27, 772 (2002).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, X. Lu, X. H. Yuan, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. H. Wang, W. J. Ling, and Z. Y. Wei, Appl. Phys. B 80, 627 (2005).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    J. B. Zhu, Z. G. Ji, Y. P. Deng, J. S. Liu, R. X. Li, and Z. Z. Xu, Opt. Express. 14, 4915 (2006).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 79, 673 (2004).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    N. L. Wagner, E. A. Gibson, T. Popmintchev, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 173902 (2004).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    S. Champeaux and L. Bergé, Phys. Rev. E 71, 046604 (2005).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    S. A. Trushin, S. Panja, K. Kosma, W. E. Schmid, and W. Fu, Appl. Phys. B 80, 399 (2005).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    G. Stibenz, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, Opt. Lett. 31, 274 (2006).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023904 (2006).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    A. Couairon, H. S. Chakraborty, and M. B. Gaarde, Phys. Rev. A 77, 053814 (2008).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    C. Bree, A. Demircan, and G. Steinmeyer, Laser Phys. 21, 1313 (2011).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    T. J. Wang, J. F. Daigle, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, F. Théberge, M. Chateauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 517 (2010).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    T. J. Wang, C. Marceau, S. Yuan, Y. Chen, Q. Wang, F. Théberge, M. Chateauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 57 (2011).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    T. J. Wang, S. Yuan, Z. D. Sun, C. Marceau, Y. Chen, F. Théberge, M. Chateauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 295 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, and S. L. Chin, Appl. Phys. B 71, 877 (2000).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, D. Mondelain, S. Niedermeier, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, Y. B. Andre, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, M. Rodriguez, H. Wille, and L. Woste, Opt. Lett. 25, 1397 (2000).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    W. Liu, S. Petit, A. Becker, N. Aközbek, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, Opt. Commun. 202, 189 (2002).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    V. Loriot, P. Bejot, W. Ettoumi, Y. Petit, J. Kasparian, S. Henin, E. Hertz, B. Lavorel, O. Faucher, and J. P. Wolf, Laser Phys. 21, 1319 (2011).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    A. Braun, G. Korn, X. Liu, D. Du, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 20, 73 (1995).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    H. R. Lange, A. Chiron, J. F. Ripoche, A. Mysyrowicz, P. Berger, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1611 (1998).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    V. P. Kandidov, V. Y. Fedorov, O. V. Tverskoy, O. G. Kosareva, and S. L. Chin, Quant. Electron. 41, 382 (2011).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    J. Bernhardt, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, and R. Sauerbrey, Appl. Phys. B 91, 45 (2008).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    G. Méchain, A. Couairon, Y. B. Andre, C. D. Amico, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, and R. Sauerbrey, Appl. Phys. B 79, 379 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    J. F. Daigle, O. Kosareva, N. Panov, T. J. Wang, S. Hosseini, S. Yuan, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, Opt. Commun. 284, 3601 (2011).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Y. Liu, Q. Wen, S. Xu, W. Liu, and S. L. Chin, “Pulse Characterization During Femtosecond Laser Filamentation in Air by Two-Photon Fluorescence Measurement,” Appl. Phys. B, accepted (2011).Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    A. Becker, N. Akozbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, Appl. Phys. B 73, 287 (2001).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    W. Liu, S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, and V. P. Kandidov, New J. Phys. 6, 6 (2004).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    F. Théberge, J. Filion, N. Aközbek, Y. Chen, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, Appl. Phys. B 87, 207 (2007).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    S. Xu, Y. Z. Zhang, W. Liu, and S. L. Chin, Opt. Commun. 282, 4800 (2009).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    F. Théberge, W. Liu, P. T. Simard, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, Phys. Rev. E 74, 036406 (2006).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    P. P. Kiran, S. Bagchi, S. R. Krishnan, C. L. Arnold, G. R. Kumar, and A. Couairon, Phys. Rev. A 82, 013805 (2010).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    X. L. Liu, X. Lu, X. Liu, T. T. Xi, F. Liu, J. L. Ma, and J. Zhang, Opt. Express 18, 26007 (2010).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    A. A. Ionin, S. I. Kudryasheva, L. V. Seleznev, D. V. Sinitsyn, E. S. Sunchugacheva, and V. Y. Fedorov, Laser Phys. 21, 500 (2011).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    S. Xu, Y. Zheng, Y. Liu, and W. Liu, Laser Phys. 20, 1968 (2010).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    O. G. Kosarevaa, W. Liu, N. A. Panov, J. Bernhardt, Z. Ji, M. Sharifi, R. Li, Z. Xu, J. Liu, Z. Wang, J. Ju, X. Lu, Y. Jiang, Y. Leng, X. Liang, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, Laser Phys. 19, 1776 (2009).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Z. G. Ji, J. S. Liu, Z. X. Wang, J. Ju, X. M. Lu, Y. H. Jiang, Y. X. Leng, X. Y. Liang, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, R. X. Li, and Z. Z. Xu, Laser Phys. 20, 886 (2010).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    W. Liu, J. Bernhardt, F. Théberge, S. L. Chin, M. Chateauneuf, and J. Dubois, J. Appl. Phys. 102, 033111 (2007).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    H. L. Xu, J. Bernhardt, P. Mathieu, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033124 (2007).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    A. Talebpour, C. Y. Chien, and S. L. Chin, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. 29, 5725 (1996).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    S. F. J. Larochelle, A. Talebpour, and S. L. Chin, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. 31, 1215 (1998).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    F. Théberge (private communication), 2008.Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    W. Liu and S. L. Chin, Opt. Express. 13, 5750 (2005).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    J. H. Marburger, Prog. Quant. Electron. 4, 35 (1975).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    M. R. Cervenan and N. R. Isenor, Opt. Commun. 13, 175 (1975).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    A. Talebpour, PhD Thesis (Université Laval, Québec, April, 1998).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Xu
    • 1
  • J. Bernhardt
    • 2
  • M. Sharifi
    • 2
  • W. Liu
    • 1
  • S. L. Chin
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Modern OpticsNankai UniversityTianjinChina
  2. 2.Centre d’optique, Photonique et Laser (COPL) and Département de Physique, de Genie Physique et d’OptiqueUniversité LavalQuébecCanada

Personalised recommendations