Nonlinear optical properties of biomineral and biomimetical nanocomposite structures
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The transmission of laser femtosecond pulses by spicules of marine glass sponges and monolithic amorphous nanocomposite silica biomaterials synthesized on the basis of natural polysaccharides has been experimentally investigated. The strong non-linear optical properties of these biominerals have been revealed in spectral characteristics of transmitted ultra-short pulses (USP). Comparative analysis of the transmission spectra of USP reveals that spicules exhibit much stronger non-linear optical properties than quartz optical fibers. Recently new monolithic nanocomposite silica biomaterials were synthesized on the basis of various natural polysaccharides and completely water-soluble Si-precursor. The shape of transmitted spectrums through both spicules and new nanocomposite biomaterials demonstrates major changes indicating the broadening with formation markedly strong anti-Stokes component in the output spectrum with generation of supercontinuum spectra. The carried out studies have showed that the nature combination of spongin protein with silicon dioxide extracted from seawater by silicatein protein in glass sponge spicules and monolithic nanocomposite silica biomaterials are biological and biomimetical nanocomposite materials with unique optical properties.
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