Laser Physics

, Volume 19, Issue 5, pp 984–988 | Cite as

Coherent beam combining of two W-level fiber amplifiers in turbulence atmospheric environment based on stochastic parallel gradient descent algorithm

  • X. L. Wang
  • Y. X. Ma
  • P. Zhou
  • H. T. Ma
  • X. Li
  • X. X. Xu
  • Z. J. Liu
Coherent Phenomena and Holography


We demonstrate coherent beam combining of two W-level fiber amplifiers based on stochastic parallel gradient descent (SPGD) algorithm at 8 m distance in a simulated turbulence atmospheric environment. A photodetector was used to get the coherent optical intensity of the main-lobe from a pinhole, based on the intensity and the SPGD algorithm, the phase controlling was performed by the digital signal processor. In order to simulate the atmospheric environment, turbulence was induced in the free space of the light path by fans and air-conditions in the lab. Experimental result shows that the system performs well for long-time both with and without the simulating turbulence in close-loop, combining efficiency as high as 84.25% with turbulence and 84.85% without turbulence were realized. Visibility increased from near zero in open-loop to 0.432 with turbulence and 0.505 without turbulence in close-loop and the residual phase error is controlled to be less than λ/18. The probability of energy encircled in the main-lobe to be more than 70% of its ideal value was increased from 18.66 to 93.71% without turbulence and from 14.80 to 92.49% with turbulence when the system evolves from open-loop to close-loop.

PACS numbers

42.25.Kb 42.55.Wd 42.60.Da 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    A. Galvanauskas, “High Power Fiber Lasers,” Opt. Photon. News 15(7), 42 (2004).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    H. Bruesselbach, J. D. Cris, M. S. Metin, M. Minden, and J. L. Rogers, Opt. Lett. 30, 1339–1341 (2005).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    L. Li, A. Schulzgen, H. Li, V. L. Temyanko, J. V. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1721 (2007).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    B. He, Q. Lou, J. Zhou, Y. Zheng, D. Xue, J. Dong, Y. Wei, F. Zhang, Y. Qi, J. Zhu, J. Li, S. Li, and Z. Wang, Chin. Opt. Lett. 5, 412 (2007).ADSGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Q. Lou, B. He, and J. Zhou, in Proc. of the Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Pacific Rim 2007 (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper TuA4_6.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    W. Liang, N. Satyan, A. Yariv, A. Kewitsch, G. Rakuljic, F. Aflatouni, H. Hashemi, and J. Ungar, Opt. Express 15, 3201 (2007).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Rui Xiao, “Coherent Combining Technology of Master Oscillator Power Amplifier Fiber Arrays,” PhD Thesis (Nation. Univ. of Defense Technology, Changsha, China, 2007), pp. 1–24.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    G. D. Goodno, H. Komine, S. J. McNaught, S. B. Weiss, S. Redmond, W. Long, R. Simpson, E. C. Cheung, D. Howland, P. Epp, M. Weber, M. McClellan, J. Sollee, and H. Injeyan, Opt. Lett. 31, 1247 (2006).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. Weber, and M. Wickham, Proc. of SPIE 6102, 61020U-1 (2006).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    T. M. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, D. Pilkington, and C. A. Lu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 480 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    R. Xiao, J. Hou, M. Liu, and Z. F. Jiang, Opt. Express 16, 2015 (2008).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    E. C. Cheung, J. G. Ho, G. D. Goodno, R. R. Rice, J. Rothenberg, P. Thielen, M. Weber, and M. Wickham, Opt. Lett. 33, 354 (2008).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    S. J. Augst, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez, Opt. Lett. 29, 474 (2004).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    T. M. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, C. B. Ward, D. Anthony, M. A. Culpepper, Sgt. D. Pilkington, Lt. J. Spring, Lt. D. J. S. Nelson, and Lt. C. A. Lu, Opt. Express 14, 12015 (2006).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    T. M. Shay and V. Benham, Proc. of SPIE 5550, 313 (2004).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    L. Liu and M. A. Vorontsov, Proc. of SPIE 5895, 58950P-1 (2005).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Werauch, and L. A. Beresnev, Proc. of SPIE 6708, 67080K-1 (2007).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    M. Vorontsov, “Adaptive Photonics Phase-Locked Elements (APPLE): System Architecture and Wavefront Control Concept,” Proc. of SPIE 5895, 589501-1 (2005).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    M. A. Vorontsov and G. W. Carhart, Opt. Lett. 22, 907 (1997).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    H. Bruesselbach, S. Wang, M. Minden, D. C. Jones, and M. Mangir, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 347 (2005).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    P. Bourdon, V. Jolivert, B. Bennai, L. Lombard, G. Canat, E. Pourtal, Y. Jaouen, and O. Vasseur, Proc. of SPIE 6873, 687316-1 (2008).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • X. L. Wang
    • 1
  • Y. X. Ma
    • 1
  • P. Zhou
    • 1
  • H. T. Ma
    • 1
  • X. Li
    • 1
  • X. X. Xu
    • 1
  • Z. J. Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Optoelectronic Science and EngineeringNational University of Defense TechnologyChangshaChina

Personalised recommendations