Quantum theory of radiation of an excited atom placed near a microresonator containing a single-photon wavepacket: Photon correlation properties
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The strong resonance interaction of a two-level atom with the continuum of quantized electromagnetic modes falling within the contour of a resonance mode of a dielectric microsphere is considered within the framework of quantum electrodynamics. Analytical solutions are derived. As an initial condition, we consider the case when, at time t = 0, the atom is excited and the resonance modes of the microsphere contain a single-photon wavepacket. It is shown that the properties of the emitted photon pair depend crucially on space-time properties of the photon wavepacket contained in the resonator. When the mean square of the electric field of the photon wavepacket at the initial instant of time at the atom position is close to the vacuum value, the radiation of an atom is similar to a spontaneous one and the emitted photon pair has no correlations. On the contrary, if the mean square of the electric field of the photon wavepacket at the initial instant of time at the atom position is substantially greater than the vacuum value, the radiation of an atom has a stimulated nature and the emitted photon pair has very complicated strong correlations. The relationship between the results obtained and the predictions of the dressed states theory are briefly discussed. The results obtained are of a general character and can be applied to the description of the resonant interaction of an excited atom and an excited resonator of an arbitrary shape.
PACS numbers32.50.+d 42.50.Pq
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