Experimental Modeling of C0-Forming Processes Involving Cohenite and CO2-Fluid in a Silicate Mantle
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Experimental studies were performed in the Fe3C–SiO2–(Mg,Ca)CO3 system (6.3 GPа, 1100–1500°C, 20–40 h). It is established that the carbide–oxide–carbonate interaction leads to the formation of ferrosilite, fayalite, graphite, and cohenite (1100 and 1200°С), as well as a Fe–C melt (1300°С). It is determined that the main processes in the system are decarbonation, redox-reactions of cohenite and a CO2-fluid, extraction of carbon from carbide, and crystallization of metastable graphite (± diamond growth), as well as the formation of ferriferous silicates. The interaction studied can be considered as a simplified model of the processes that occur during the subduction of oxidized crustal material to reduced mantle rocks.
This work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project no. 16–35–60024) and was performed as part of a State Assignment (project no. 0330–2016–0007).
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