Advertisement

Doklady Earth Sciences

, Volume 482, Issue 2, pp 1257–1259 | Cite as

First Historical Eruption of Kambalny Volcano

  • E. I. Gordeev
  • O. A. GirinaEmail author
  • N. V. Gorbach
  • A. G. Manevich
  • D. V. Melnikov
  • L. P. Anikin
  • T. M. Manevich
  • I. K. Dubrovskaya
  • S. A. Chirkov
  • E. V. Kartashova
Geology

Abstract

The first historical eruption of Kambalny volcano began on March 24, 2017 with the powerful ash emission from the summit crater reaching as high as 6 km above sea level. The explosive activity continued without interruption from March 24 to March 30. The most powerful ash emission was registered on March 25–26, when the ash plume drifted several thousand kilometers SW, S, and SE from the volcano. On April 2 and April 9, after several calm days, powerful ash explosions occurred generating ash plumes up to 7 km high. The area of the land and sea over which the ash plume drifted during the day of March 25, was 650000 km2; the area of the ash accumulation on the land that was formed from March 24 to April 9, exceeded 1500 km2. These parameters were measured using the satellite-based data in the VolSatView information system. Domination of the silty fraction and the presence of secondary minerals (pyrite, gypsum, sulfur, and others) in the ash point to the phreatic character of the volcanic eruption.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    E. I. Gordeev and O. A. Girina, Herald Russ. Acad. Sci. 84 (1), 1–8 (2014). doi 10.1134/S1019331614010079CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    E. I. Gordeev, O. A. Girina, E. A. Lupyan, et al., J. Volcanol. Seismol. 10 (6), 382–394 (2016). doi 10.1134/S074204631606004XCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    N. E. Litasov and A. A. Vazheevskaya, in Active Volcanoes of Kamchatka (Nauka, Moscow, 1991), Vol. 2, pp. 396–405 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    G. Taziev, in Problems of Deep Volcanism (Nauka, Moscow, 1979), pp. 70–75 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    V. V. Ponomareva, T. Churikova, I. V. Melekestsev, et al., in Volcanism and Subduction: The Kamchatka Region (Am. Geophys. Union, Washington, DC, 2007), Vol. 172, pp. 165–198. doi 10.1029/172GM15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    V. V. Ponomareva, I. V. Melekestsev, and O. V. Dirksen, J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 158 (1–2), 117–138 (2006). doi 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2006.04.016CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. I. Gordeev
    • 1
  • O. A. Girina
    • 1
    Email author
  • N. V. Gorbach
    • 1
  • A. G. Manevich
    • 1
  • D. V. Melnikov
    • 1
  • L. P. Anikin
    • 1
  • T. M. Manevich
    • 1
  • I. K. Dubrovskaya
    • 1
  • S. A. Chirkov
    • 1
  • E. V. Kartashova
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute Volcanology and Seismology, Far East BranchRussian Academy of SciencesPetropavlovsk-KamchatskyRussia

Personalised recommendations