Characterization of the Biodiversity of Modern Sea Ice in the North Pole Region
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The aim of this work was to analyze the observation data on the dynamics of the species composition of ice flora and fauna in the polar region of the Arctic Ocean. The analysis was based on the materials obtained by the Pan-Arctic ice camp expedition in April 2007–2011 and 2015 . We indicated the dynamics of the species composition of flora by diatoms living in the ice, and of fauna by amphipods and copepods with habitats allocated to the bottom ice surface. The dynamics of the species composition of biota is analyzed in this work without specification of its natural or anthropogenic factors.
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